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From Old French boissel, from boisse, a grain measure based on Gaulish *bostyā‎ (handful), from Proto-Celtic *bostā (palm, fist) (compare Breton boz (hollow of the hand), Old Irish bas), from Proto-Indo-European *gwost-, *gwosdʰ- (branch).


  • IPA(key): /ˈbʊʃəl/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʊʃəl


bushel (plural bushels)

  1. A dry measure, containing four pecks, eight gallons, or thirty-two quarts.
    The Winchester bushel, formerly used in England, contained 2,150.42 cubic inches (35.24 L), being the volume of a cylinder 18+12 inches (470 mm) in internal diameter and 8 inches (200 mm) in depth. The standard bushel measures, prepared by the United States Government and distributed to the States, hold each 77.6274 pounds (35.2 kg) of distilled water, at 39.8 °F (4.3 °C) and 30 inches of mercury (100 kPa), being the equivalent of the Winchester bushel. The imperial bushel now in use in England is larger than the Winchester bushel, containing 2,218.2 cubic inches (36.35 L), or 80 pounds (36 kg) of water at 62 °F (17 °C).
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, p. 207:
      The quarter, bushel, and peck are nearly universal measures of corn.
  2. A vessel of the capacity of a bushel, used in measuring; a bushel measure.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Mark IV:
      And he sayde unto them: is the candle lighted, to be put under a busshell, or under the borde: ys it not therfore lighted that it shulde be put on a candelsticke?
  3. A quantity that fills a bushel measure
    a heap containing ten bushels of apples
    In the United States a large number of articles, bought and sold by the bushel, are measured by weighing, the number of pounds that make a bushel being determined by State law or by local custom. For some articles, as apples, potatoes, etc., heaped measure is required in measuring a bushel.
  4. (colloquial) A large indefinite quantity.
  5. (Britain) The iron lining in the nave of a wheel. In the United States it is called a box.

Derived terms[edit]


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bushel (third-person singular simple present bushels, present participle busheling or bushelling, simple past and past participle busheled or bushelled)

  1. (US, tailoring, transitive, intransitive) To mend or repair clothes.




  1. Alternative form of busheli


Inflection of bushel (Kotus type 6/paperi, no gradation)
nominative bushel bushelit
genitive bushelin bushelien
partitive bushelia busheleita
illative busheliin busheleihin
singular plural
nominative bushel bushelit
accusative nom. bushel bushelit
gen. bushelin
genitive bushelin bushelien
partitive bushelia busheleita
inessive bushelissa busheleissa
elative bushelista busheleista
illative busheliin busheleihin
adessive bushelilla busheleilla
ablative bushelilta busheleilta
allative bushelille busheleille
essive bushelina busheleina
translative busheliksi busheleiksi
instructive bushelein
abessive bushelitta busheleitta
comitative busheleineen