From Middle English buxum, buhsum, bucsum (“bendsome, flexible, pliant, obedient”), (also Middle English ibucsum, ibuhsum, possibly from OE past participal form), from Old English bōcsum, *būhsum (“bendsome, pliant, obedient”) (Old English *ǵebūhsum), a derivative of Old English būgan (“to bend, bow”), equivalent to bow + -some (būgan + -sum). Cognate with Scots bowsome (“compliant”), Dutch buigzaam (“flexible, pliant”) (Middle Dutch boochsaem), German biegsam (“flexible, pliant”), derived from Dutch buigen and German biegen, and their older forms, respectively.
- (obsolete, archaic, rare) Pliant, obedient, tractable (to) (i.e. easily moved or bent, morally).
- 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, VI.8::
- They downe him hold, and fast with cords do bynde, / Till they him force the buxome yoke to beare […].
- (obsolete) Submissive, humble, meek (as subsense of 4).
- (obsolete) Gracious, indulgent, favourable; obliging, amiable, courteous, affable, kindly (as subsense of 1).
- (obsolete) With infinitive: Easily moved, prone, ready (as subsense of 1).
- (obsolete, archaic, poetic) Flexible, pliant (arising from sense 1).
- (obsolete, archaic) Blithe, gladsome, bright, lively, gay (attested after 1).
- a. 1645, John Milton, “L’Allegro”, in Poems of Mr. John Milton, […], London: […] Ruth Raworth for Humphrey Mosely, […], published 1646, OCLC 606951673, page 31:
- There on Beds of Violets blew, / And freſh-blown Roſes waſht in dew, / Fill'd her with thee a daughter fair, / So buckſom, blith, and debonair.
- (dated, of a man or woman) Cheerful, happy (possibly as subsense of 6).
- 1932, John Buchan, chapter IV, in The Gap in the Curtain:
- Claypole, the buxom novelist,...[his] bubbling utterances....
- (dated, chiefly of women) Full of health, vigour, and good temper; well-favoured, plump and comely, 'jolly', comfortable-looking (in person). (arising from sense 6).
- 1896, Thomas Hardy, “Dame the Eighth: The Lady Penelope”, in A Group of Noble Dames:
- So heated and impassioned, indeed, would they become, that the lady hardly felt herself safe in their company at such times, notwithstanding that she was a brave and buxom damsel, not easily put out, and with a daring spirit of humour in her composition.
- (of a woman) Having a full, voluptuous figure, especially possessing large breasts (as subsense of 8).
- 2003 July 23, “Milestones”, in Time:
- DIED. Robert Brooks, 69, canny businessman who, as chairman of Hooters, turned the bar-restaurant chain, famed for buxom waitresses in orange hot pants, into an international success.
- (having a full, voluptuous figure): bosomy, big-breasted, busty, chesty, curvaceous, curvy, shapely, round, full-throated; see also Thesaurus:voluptuous
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- 'buxum, adj.' (2018). In: Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. URL: http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/25479
- ^ Klein, Ernest. (1969 (1965)). A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the English Language. Dealing with the origin of words and their sense development thus illustrating the history of civilization and culture. Vol. I A-K. II vols. Elsevier Publishing Company.