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From Proto-Brythonic *bïwïd, from Proto-Celtic *biwotūts (compare Old Irish bethu, bethad, Irish beatha), probably from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *gʷih₃wo-teh₂ (compare Latin vīta, Ancient Greek βίοτος (bíotos), Old Church Slavonic, животъ (životŭ, life), Lithuanian gyvatà (life), Sanskrit जीवित (jīvitá), Avestan gayo (accusative ǰyātum) "life")), ultimately from *gʷeih₃w- (to live), compare *gʷih₃wós (alive).



bywyd m (plural bywydau or bywydoedd)

  1. life, existence; liveliness, zest
  2. lifetime, course of life
    Gwnewch y pethau bychain mewn bywyd.
    Do the little things in life.
  3. living, livelihood, sustenance
  4. wealth, income
  5. reward, gift


Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bywyd fywyd mywyd unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Related terms[edit]


  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “bywyd”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies
  • Definition from the BBC.