caballus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Disputed. Generally believed[1] to be from Gaulish/Transalpine Gaulish caballos.[2]. This term is cognate to Welsh ceffyl,[3][1] Manx cabbyl,[1] Scottish Gaelic and Irish capall.[1]

Also compared is Ancient Greek καβάλλης (kabállēs, nag), in turn possibly a borrowing from a Balkan, Anatolian, or northeast European language. Compare Turkish kaval, adjunct of at (horse), Proto-Slavic *kobýla.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

caballus m (genitive caballī); second declension

  1. (Late Latin) horse; nag
  2. pack-horse, jade, hack

Usage notes[edit]

  • In Classical Latin, the word equus is used for a horse, and caballus is used only by poets. It is only later, in Vulgar and Late Latin, that caballus appears in prose.

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative caballus caballī
genitive caballī caballōrum
dative caballō caballīs
accusative caballum caballōs
ablative caballō caballīs
vocative caballe caballī

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Origins, by Eric Partridge, page 85
  2. ^ Delamare 2003 p.96
  3. ^ The Origin of Language and Nations, by Rowland Jones page 151