caile

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish caile (serving-girl, maid).

Noun[edit]

caile m or f (genitive singular caile, nominative plural cailí)

  1. girl, wench

Declension[edit]

Masculine
Feminine

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
caile chaile gcaile
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly related to Breton plac'h (girl) which cognates with Latin paelex (concubine), Ancient Greek παλλακή (pallakḗ, young girl).[1]

Noun[edit]

caile f (genitive caile)

  1. serving-girl, maid

Inflection[edit]

Feminine iā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative caileL cailiL caili
Vocative caileL cailiL caili
Accusative cailiN cailiL caili
Genitive caile caileL caileN
Dative cailiL cailib cailib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Irish: caile

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
caile chaile caile
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ MacBain, Alexander; Mackay, Eneas (1911) , “caile”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Stirling, →ISBN, page caile

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish caile (serving-girl, maid).

Noun[edit]

caile f (genitive singular caile, plural cailean)

  1. vulgar girl, quean, hussy
  2. strumpet
  3. (Argyll, Perthshire) any young girl
  4. maidservant who does more or less other work than housework
    Synonym: caile-shearbhanta
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

caile f

  1. capacity

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
caile chaile
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • caile” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019) , “1 caile”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language