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From Middle French calenture, from Spanish calentura.


calenture (plural calentures)

  1. A heat stroke or fever, often suffered in the tropics.
    • 1638, Thomas Herbert, Some Yeares Travels, I:
      To returne: in changing so many parallels, the weather increast from warme to raging hot, the Sunne flaming all day, insomuch that Calentures begun to vexe us.
    • 1719: Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe
      Yet even in this voyage I had my misfortunes too; particularly that I was continually sick, being thrown into a violent calenture by the excessive heat of the climate.
  2. A delirium occurring from such symptoms, in which a stricken sailor pictures the sea as grassy meadows and wishes to dive overboard into them.