can

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English can, first and third person singular of connen, cunnen (to be able, know how), from Old English can(n), first and third person singular of cunnan (to know how), from Proto-Germanic *kunnaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- (whence know). Compare West Frisian kinne, Dutch kunnen, Low German könen, German können, Danish and Norwegian Bokmål kunne, Swedish and Norwegian Nynorsk kunna, and Afrikaans kan. Doublet of con. See also: canny, cunning.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

can (third-person singular simple present can, no present participle, simple past could, past participle (obsolete except in adjectival use) couth)

  1. (auxiliary verb, defective) To know how to; to be able to.
    Synonym: be able to
    Antonyms: cannot, can't, can’t
    She can speak English, French, and German.
    I can play football.
    Can you remember your fifth birthday?
    • 1449, Reginald Pecock, Represser of over-much weeting [blaming] of the Clergie
      prouyng which eny clerk can or woel or mai make bi eny maner euydence of resoun or of Scripture, and namelich of resoun into the contrarie.
    • 2013 July-August, Lee S. Langston, “The Adaptable Gas Turbine”, in American Scientist:
      Turbines have been around for a long time—windmills and water wheels are early examples. The name comes from the Latin turbo, meaning vortex, and thus the defining property of a turbine is that a fluid or gas turns the blades of a rotor, which is attached to a shaft that can perform useful work.
    • 1611 April (first recorded performance), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Cymbeline”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene ii]:
      If thou canst awake by four o' the clock, / I prithee call me. Sleep hath seized me wholly.
  2. (modal auxiliary verb, defective, informal) May; to be permitted or enabled to.
    Synonym: may
    You can go outside and play when you're finished with your homework.
    Can I use your pen?
  3. (modal auxiliary verb, defective) To have the potential to; be possible.
    Can it be Friday already?
    Teenagers can really try their parents' patience.
    Animals can experience emotions.
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 5, in A Cuckoo in the Nest:
      The most rapid and most seductive transition in all human nature is that which attends the palliation of a ravenous appetite. [] Can those harmless but refined fellow-diners be the selfish cads whose gluttony and personal appearance so raised your contemptuous wrath on your arrival?
    • 2009, Sym, Annette, Simply Too Good to be True, Greenleaf Book Group, →ISBN, page 4:
      Teenagers can be so cruel, and nicknames cut deep.
  4. (auxiliary verb, defective) Used with verbs of perception.
    Can you hear that?.
    I can feel the baby moving inside me.
  5. (obsolete, transitive) To know.
    Synonyms: cognize, grok, ken
Usage notes[edit]
  • For missing forms, substitute inflected forms of be able to, as:
    • I might be able to go.
    • I was able to go yesterday.
    • I have been able to go, since I was seven.
    • I had been able to go before.
    • I will be able to go tomorrow.
  • The word could also suffices in many tenses. “I would be able to go” is equivalent to “I could go”, and “I was unable to go” can be rendered “I could not go”. (Unless there is a clear indication otherwise, “could verb” means “would be able to verb”, but “could not verb” means “was/were unable to verb”.)
  • The present tense negative can not is usually contracted to cannot (more formal) or can’t (less formal).
  • The use of can in asking permission sometimes is criticized as being impolite or incorrect by those who favour the more formal alternative “may I...?”.
  • Can is sometimes used rhetorically to issue a command, placing the command in the form of a request. For instance, “Can you hand me that pen?” as a polite substitution for “Hand me that pen.”
  • Some US dialects that glottalize the final /t/ in can’t (/kæn(ʔ)/), in order to differentiate can’t from can, pronounce can as /kɛn/ even when stressed.
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English canne, from Old English canne (glass, container, cup, can), from Proto-Germanic *kannǭ (can, tankard, mug, cup), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *gan-, *gandʰ- (a vessel). Cognate with Scots can (can), West Frisian kanne (a jug, pitcher), Dutch kan (pot, mug), German Kanne (can, tankard, mug), Danish kande (can, mug, a measure), Swedish kanna (can, tankard, mug), Icelandic kanna (a can).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

a can (3)

can (plural cans)

  1. A more or less cylindrical vessel for liquids, usually of steel or aluminium, but sometimes of plastic, and with a carrying handle over the top.
  2. A container used to carry and dispense water for plants (a watering can).
  3. A tin-plate canister, often cylindrical, for preserved foods such as fruit, meat, or fish.
  4. (archaic) A chamber pot, now (US, slang) a toilet or lavatory.
    Shit or get off the can.
    Bob's in the can. You can wait a few minutes or just leave it with me.
  5. (US, slang) Buttocks.
  6. (slang) Jail or prison.
    Bob's in the can. He won't be back for a few years.
  7. (slang, in the plural) Headphones.
  8. (archaic) A drinking cup.
  9. (nautical) A cube-shaped buoy or marker used to denote a port-side lateral mark
  10. A chimney pot.
  11. (slang, in the plural) An E-meter used in Scientology auditing.
  12. (US, slang) An ounce (or sometimes, two ounces) of marijuana.
    • For quotations using this term, see Citations:can.
    • 1970, California. Supreme Court, Reports of Cases Determined in the Supreme Court of the State of California
      [] prosecution for selling and giving away marijuana, the evidence clearly constituted substantial proof that a package purchased by defendant contained marijuana where he requested "four cans" of marijuana to be delivered to himself and []
  13. A protective cover for the fuel element in a nuclear reactor.
Synonyms[edit]
Hyponyms[edit]
Hyponyms of can (Etymology 2)
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Related terms of can (Etymology 2)
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

can (third-person singular simple present cans, present participle canning, simple past and past participle canned)

  1. To seal in a can.
    They canned air to sell as a novelty to tourists.
  2. To preserve by heating and sealing in a jar or can.
    They spent August canning fruit and vegetables.
  3. To discard, scrap or terminate (an idea, project, etc.).
    He canned the whole project because he thought it would fail.
    • 2020 December 2, Paul Bigland, “My weirdest and wackiest Rover yet”, in Rail, pages 67-68:
      My next stop is Oxford, which has also grown with the addition of new platforms to accommodate the Chiltern Railways service to London via Bicester - although, short sightedly, the planned electrification from Paddington was canned. Evidence of the volte-face can be seen along the line at places such as Radley, where mast piles are already sunk or lie discarded at the lineside.
  4. (transitive, slang) To shut up.
    Can your gob.
  5. (US, euphemistic) To fire or dismiss an employee.
    The boss canned him for speaking out.
  6. (golf, slang, transitive) To hole the ball.
    • 1958, Mayer, Dick, How to Think and Swing Like a Golf Champion, page 186:
      I thought I had canned it, but it just missed, and I tapped in the second one for a par.
  7. (transitive) To cover (the fuel element in a nuclear reactor) with a protective cover.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afar[edit]

Can.

Etymology[edit]

Related to Somali caano, Oromo aannan and Saho xan.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈħʌn/
  • Hyphenation: can

Noun[edit]

cán m (plural caanowá f or canooná f)

  1. milk

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Loren F. Bliese (1981) A Generative Grammar of Afar[1], Dallas: Summer Institute of Linguistics and University of Texas at Arlington (doctoral thesis).
  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985), “can”, in An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[2], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

can m (plural cans)

  1. dog

References[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin canis, canem.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

can m (plural canes)

  1. dog (animal)

Synonyms[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic ҹан
Roman can
Perso-Arabic جان

Etymology[edit]

From Persian جان(jân).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

can (definite accusative canı, plural canlar)

  1. soul, spirit
  2. being, creature, life
  3. body
  4. force, vigour

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

can

  1. Contraction of ca en (the house of).

Further reading[edit]


Classical Nahuatl[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

cān

  1. where

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Galician[edit]

Can ("dog")

Alternative forms[edit]

  • cão (reintegrationist)
  • cam (reintegrationist)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese can, from Latin canis, canem. Cognate with Portuguese cão.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

can m (plural cans)

  1. dog
  2. (historical) 20th century 5, 10 cents of peseta coin
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese quan, from Latin quam. Cognate with Portuguese quão and Spanish cuan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

can m (plural cans)

  1. how

Etymology 3[edit]

Ultimately from Turkic *qan, contraction of *qaɣan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

can m (plural cans)

  1. khan

References[edit]

  • can” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • can” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • can” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • can” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • can” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

can (plural canes)

  1. dog
  2. cock, hammer (of a firearm)

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish canaid, from Proto-Celtic *kaneti (to sing), from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂n-. Compare Welsh canu, Latin canō, Ancient Greek καναχέω (kanakhéō), Persian خواندن(xândan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

can (present analytic canann, future analytic canfaidh, verbal noun canadh, past participle canta)

  1. to sing
    • 2015, Proinsias Mac a' Bhaird, transl.; Maura McHugh, editor, Amhrán na Mara (fiction, paperback), Kilkenny, County Kilkenny; Howth, Dublin: Cartoon Saloon; Coiscéim, translation of Song of the Sea by Will Collins, →ISBN, page 1:
      Thuas i dteach an tsolais, faoi réaltaí geala, canann Bronach Amhrán na Mara dá mac Ben atá cúig bliana d'aois.
      Up in the lighthouse, under twinkling stars, Bronach sings the Song of the Sea to her five-year-old son, Ben.

Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
can chan gcan
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Istriot[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin canis.

Noun[edit]

can m

  1. dog

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Turkic.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

can m (invariable)

  1. Obsolete spelling of khan

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

can m (plural cani)

  1. (poetic, literary) Apocopic form of cane; dog

Ligurian[edit]

Cane sullo Stelvio.jpg

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin canem, accusative form of canis, from earlier canēs, from Proto-Italic *kō (accusative *kwanem), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ (accusative *ḱwónm̥).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

can m (plural chen, diminutive cagnetto or cagnin, feminine cagna)

  1. dog, male dog

Related terms[edit]


Lombard[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to cane, from Latin canis.

Noun[edit]

can

  1. dog

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

can

  1. Nonstandard spelling of cān.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of cán.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of cǎn.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of càn.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle Dutch[edit]

Verb[edit]

can

  1. first/third-person singular present indicative of connen

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

can

  1. Alternative form of canne

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

can

  1. Alternative form of cunnen

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Persian جان(jân).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

can ?

  1. soul

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan [Term?], from Latin canis, canem.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

can m (plural cans, feminine canha, feminine plural canhas)

  1. dog, hound

Old Occitan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin quandō.

Conjunction[edit]

can

  1. when
    • circa 1200, Peire Vidal, Ab l'alen tir vas me l'aire:
      Tan m'es bel quan n'aug ben dire.
      So much it pleases me when I hear it spoken of well.

Adverb[edit]

can

  1. (interrogative) when

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: quan
  • Occitan: quand

Old Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin canis (dog), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ (dog).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

can m

  1. dog

Descendants[edit]


Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English can, first and third person singular of connen, cunnen (to be able, know how), from Old English can(n), first and third person singular of cunnan (to know how), from Proto-West Germanic *kunnan, from Proto-Germanic *kunnaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- (whence know).

Verb[edit]

can (third-person singular present can, past cud)

  1. can
  2. be able to
    He shuid can dae that.He should be able to do that.

Derived terms[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish canaid (to sing), from Proto-Celtic *kaneti (to sing), from Proto-Indo-European *keh₂n-. Compare Welsh canu, Latin canō, Ancient Greek καναχέω (kanakhéō), Persian خواندن(xândan).

Verb[edit]

can (past chan, future canaidh, verbal noun cantainn, past participle cante)

  1. to say

References[edit]

  • can” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin canis, canem, from Proto-Italic *kō (accusative *kwanem), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ (accusative *ḱwónm̥). Compare Catalan ca, Occitan can, French chien, Italian cane, Portuguese cão, Romanian câine and Aromanian cãne, cãni.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

can m (plural canes)

  1. (formal) dog, hound
    Synonyms: perro, (colloquial) chucho

Hypernyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish جان‎, from Persian جان(jân, soul, vital spirit, life).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

can (definite accusative canı, plural canlar)

  1. soul, life, being
  2. sweetheart

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative can
Definite accusative canı
Singular Plural
Nominative can canlar
Definite accusative canı canları
Dative cana canlara
Locative canda canlarda
Ablative candan canlardan
Genitive canın canların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular canım canlarım
2nd singular canın canların
3rd singular canı canları
1st plural canımız canlarımız
2nd plural canınız canlarınız
3rd plural canları canları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular canımı canlarımı
2nd singular canını canlarını
3rd singular canını canlarını
1st plural canımızı canlarımızı
2nd plural canınızı canlarınızı
3rd plural canlarını canlarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular canıma canlarıma
2nd singular canına canlarına
3rd singular canına canlarına
1st plural canımıza canlarımıza
2nd plural canınıza canlarınıza
3rd plural canlarına canlarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular canımda canlarımda
2nd singular canında canlarında
3rd singular canında canlarında
1st plural canımızda canlarımızda
2nd plural canınızda canlarınızda
3rd plural canlarında canlarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular canımdan canlarımdan
2nd singular canından canlarından
3rd singular canından canlarından
1st plural canımızdan canlarımızdan
2nd plural canınızdan canlarınızdan
3rd plural canlarından canlarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular canımın canlarımın
2nd singular canının canlarının
3rd singular canının canlarının
1st plural canımızın canlarımızın
2nd plural canınızın canlarınızın
3rd plural canlarının canlarının

See also[edit]


Venetian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin canis, canem.

Venetian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia vec

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

can m (plural cani)

  1. dog

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Noun[edit]

can

  1. (alternative medicine) liver

Etymology 2[edit]

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Noun[edit]

can

  1. Short for Thiên Can (celestial stem).

Verb[edit]

can

  1. to concern; to apply to
  2. to be involved (in); to be implicated (in)

Etymology 3[edit]

Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese (SV: gián).

Verb[edit]

can

  1. to dissuade (someone from doing something); to intervene

Etymology 4[edit]

From English canne.

Noun[edit]

(classifier cây, cái) can

  1. walking stick

Etymology 5[edit]

Verb[edit]

can

  1. to join; to unite; to sew together

Etymology 6[edit]

From French calque.

Verb[edit]

can

  1. to trace (through translucent paper), to do tracing
Derived terms[edit]
Derived terms

Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

can (nominative plural cans)

  1. sales commodity, merchandise, wares

Declension[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kand- (to shine, glow).

See also Ancient Greek κάνδαρος (kándaros, charcoal), Albanian hënë (moon), Sanskrit चन्द्र (candrá, shining) and Old Armenian խանդ (xand).

Adjective[edit]

can (feminine singular can, plural can, equative canned, comparative cannach, superlative cannaf)

  1. bleached, white

Noun[edit]

can m (plural caniau)

  1. flour

Derived terms[edit]

  • cannaid (bright, refulgent)
  • cannu (to bleach, to whiten)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *kantom (hundred), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm.

Numeral[edit]

can

  1. hundred

Usage notes[edit]

This is the form the number cant (hundred) takes when it precedes a noun.

Etymology 3[edit]

From English can.

Noun[edit]

can m (plural caniau)

  1. a can

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
can gan nghan chan
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “can”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies
  • Definition from the BBC.

Yucatec Maya[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Numeral[edit]

can

  1. Obsolete spelling of kan

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

can

  1. Obsolete spelling of kaan