canon

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English canoun, from Old French canon and Old English canon, both from Latin canōn, from Ancient Greek κανών (kanṓn, measuring rod, standard), akin to κάννα (kánna, reed), from Semitic (compare Hebrew קָנֶה(qane, reed) and Arabic قَنَاة(qanāh, reed)). Doublet of qanun. See also cane, cannon, canyon, canal.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Canons cast into the top of a bell - used for attaching to a headstock

canon (countable and uncountable, plural canons)

  1. A generally accepted principle; a rule.
    1. a formally codified set of criteria deemed mandatory for a particular artistic style of figurative art
    The trial must proceed according to the canons of law.
    • c. 1599–1602, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene ii]:
      Or that the Everlasting had not fixed His canon 'gainst self-slaughter.
    • 1975, Richard Tobin, “The Canon of Polykleitos”, in American Journal of Archaeology[1], volume 79, number 4, DOI:10.2307/503064, JSTOR 503064, retrieved 2 October 2020, pages 307–321:
      Despite the many advances made by modern scholars towards a clearer comprehension of the theoretical basis of the Canon of Polykleitos, the results of these studies show an absence of any general agreement upon the practical application of that canon in works of art.
  2. A group of literary works that are generally accepted as representing a field.
  3. The works of a writer that have been accepted as authentic.
    the entire Shakespearean canon
  4. A eucharistic prayer, particularly the Roman Canon.
  5. A religious law or body of law decreed by the church.
    We must proceed according to canon law.
  6. A catalogue of saints acknowledged and canonized in the Roman Catholic Church.
  7. In monasteries, a book containing the rules of a religious order.
  8. A piece of music in which the same melody is played by different voices, but beginning at different times; a round.
    Pachelbel’s Canon has become very popular.
  9. (Roman law) A rent or stipend payable at some regular time, generally annual, e.g., canon frumentarius
    • 1919 January 1, Charles P. Sherman, “A Brief History of Imperial Roman Canon Law”, in California Law Review, volume 7, number 2, Berkeley, California: University of California, pages 96-97:
      The lessees of public lands had to pay a perpetual rent or "canon" at some periodical time.
  10. (fandom slang, uncountable) Those sources, especially including literary works, which are considered part of the main continuity regarding a given fictional universe.
    A spin-off book series revealed the aliens to be originally from Earth, but it's not canon.
    • 2014, Phineas and Ferb: Star Wars
      Meanwhile, having learned the whereabouts of the Death Star's plans, the rebels send their best platypus agent to obtain them, in hopes of finding a weakness. And none of this is canon, so just relax.
  11. (cooking) A rolled and filleted loin of meat; also called a cannon.
    a canon of beef or lamb
  12. (printing, dated, uncountable) A large size of type formerly used for printing the church canons, standardized as 48-point.
  13. The part of a bell by which it is suspended; the ear or shank of a bell[1].
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English canoun, ultimately from Latin canonicus (either by shortening or back-formation from Old English canonic, or via Old Northern French canoine).

Noun[edit]

canon (plural canons)

  1. A clergy member serving a cathedral or collegiate church.
  2. A canon regular, a member of any of several Roman Catholic religious orders.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

canon (plural canons)

  1. Alternative spelling of qanun

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

canon (plural canons)

  1. (obsolete, now a misspelling) Alternative spelling of cannon (weapon)
  2. Alternative spelling of cannon (a carom in billiards)

Further reading[edit]

  1. ^ 1874, Edward H. Knight, American Mechanical Dictionary

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek κανών (kanṓn, measuring rod, standard), akin to κάννα (kánna, reed), perhaps from Semitic (compare Hebrew קנה(qaneh, reed)).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkaː.nɔn/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ca‧non

Noun[edit]

canon m (plural canons, diminutive canonnetje n)

  1. canon (set of representative or pre-eminent literary works)
    1. (chiefly Christianity) canon (set of authoritative religious books, especially those constituting the Bible)
  2. (Christianity) canon (religious law)
  3. (music) canon (round, music piece consisting of the same melody sung by different voices)
  4. (Roman Catholicism) canon (part of a mass following the Sanctus up to the end of the Pater Noster, consisting mostly of prayers)
  5. (dated) canon (principle, rule)

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French canon, from canne + -on, corresponding to Italian cannone.

Noun[edit]

canon m (plural canons)

  1. cannon, (big) gun
  2. barrel (of firearm)
  3. cannon for a horse
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French canon, borrowed from Latin canōn, from Ancient Greek κανών (kanṓn, measuring rod, standard).

The 'attractive person' sense comes from an ellipsis of canon de beauté.

Noun[edit]

canon m (plural canons)

  1. canon
  2. (music) canon
  3. (religion) canon
  4. (slang) hottie, dish, bombshell (attractive man/woman)
    Synonyms: bombe, avion de chasse
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From the above noun (see sense 4) by conversion.

Adjective[edit]

canon (plural canons)

  1. (informal, of a person) hot, sexy
    Cette nouvelle coupe de cheveux te va trop bien, t'es canon!This new hair really suits you, you're hot!

Etymology 4[edit]

canne +‎ -on.

Noun[edit]

canon m (plural canons)

  1. (slang) glass of wine

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek κανών (kanṓn, measuring rod, standard), akin to κάννα (kánna, reed), perhaps from Semitic (compare Hebrew קנה(qaneh, reed)).

Noun[edit]

canōn m (genitive canonis); third declension

  1. a measuring line
  2. (figuratively) precept, rule, canon
  3. a yearly tribute paid to the emperor; (Medieval Latin, by extension) a periodic payment
  4. (Ecclesiastical Latin) authorized catalog, especially of books of the Bible or of the saints
  5. (Ecclesiastical Latin) decree of a church synod
  6. (Ecclesiastical Latin) the Canon of the Mass
  7. (Medieval Latin) relic
Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative canōn canonēs
Genitive canonis canonum
Dative canonī canonibus
Accusative canonem canonēs
Ablative canone canonibus
Vocative canōn canonēs
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Italian: canone
  • Catalan: cànon
  • German: Kanon
  • Dutch: canon
  • Old French: canon (see there for further descendants)
  • Portuguese: cânone
  • Russian: канон (kanon)
  • Spanish: canon

Etymology 2[edit]

From canna (pipe), compare Italian cannone and Old French canon.

Noun[edit]

canōn m (genitive canōnis); third declension

  1. (Medieval Latin) a cannon (artillery)

References[edit]

  • canon”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • canon in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • canon in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • canon”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • canon”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • Niermeyer, Jan Frederik (1976), “canon”, in Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus, Leiden, Boston: Brill

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle French canon, from Italian cannone, from Latin canna, from Ancient Greek κάννα (kánna, reed), from Akkadian 𒄀 (qanû, reed), from Sumerian 𒄀𒈾 (gi.na).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

canon (plural canones)

  1. (Late Middle English) cannon
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

canon

  1. Alternative form of canoun (authoritative rules)

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

canon

  1. Alternative form of canoun (clergy member)

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French canon.

Noun[edit]

canon m (plural canons)

  1. cannon

Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

canne +‎ -on, corresponding to Italian cannone.

Noun[edit]

canon m (oblique plural canons, nominative singular canons, nominative plural canon)

  1. tube
  2. cannon

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Latin canōn, from Ancient Greek κανών (kanṓn, measuring rod, standard).

  1. canon
Descendants[edit]

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek κανών (kanṓn), possibly partly through a South Slavic language intermediate.

Noun[edit]

canon n (plural canoane)

  1. canon
  2. (usually in regards to religion) tenet, dogma, rule, norm, precept
  3. punishment or penance for breaking such a religious rule

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin canōn[1], from Ancient Greek κανών (kanṓn, measuring rod, standard) (compare κάννα (kánna, reed)), perhaps of Semitic origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkanon/, [ˈka.nõn]

Noun[edit]

canon m (plural cánones)

  1. canon (principle, literary works, prayer, religious law, music piece)
    Synonyms: norma, precepto, regla
  2. tax, fee

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • canasom (literary, first-person plural)
  • canasant (literary, third-person plural)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

canon

  1. first/third-person plural preterite colloquial of canu

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
canon ganon nghanon chanon
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.