castellum

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin castellum. Doublet of castell, castle, and château.

Noun[edit]

castellum (plural castella or castellums)

  1. (historical) A small Roman detached fort or fortlet used as a watch tower or signal station.

Latin[edit]

castellum

Etymology[edit]

Diminutive of castrum (fort).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

castellum n (genitive castellī); second declension

  1. castle, fort, citadel, fortress, stronghold
  2. (figuratively) a shelter, stronghold, defence, refuge
  3. a structure in which the water of an aqueduct is collected, to be distributed by pipes or channels in different directions; a reservoir

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative castellum castella
Genitive castellī castellōrum
Dative castellō castellīs
Accusative castellum castella
Ablative castellō castellīs
Vocative castellum castella

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • castellum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • castellum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • castellum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • castellum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • castellum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • castellum in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly