Borrowed from French chauvinisme (“idealistic devotion to Napoleon”), named for Nicolas Chauvin, a legendary and excessively patriotic soldier of the French First Republic. The figure of Chauvin became especially famous as a character in the play La Cocarde Tricolore by the Cogniard brothers.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈʃəʊ.vɪ.nɪ.zəm/
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈʃoʊ.vɪˌnɪzm̩/
- (General Australian) IPA(key): /ˈʃəʊ.və.nɪ.zəm/
- (pejorative) Excessive patriotism, eagerness for national superiority; jingoism.
- (pejorative) Unwarranted bias, favoritism, or devotion to one's own particular group, cause, or idea.
- Feminists say that male chauvinism is still prevalent in cultures worldwide.