clarus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kelh₁- (to call, shout), probably via Proto-Indo-European *kl̥h₁rós and Proto-Italic *klāros (loud), containing the suffix *-ros (compare Latin -er postconsonantally).[1] Cognate with Latin calō, clāmō, classis, concilium, Ancient Greek καλέω (kaléō).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

clārus (feminine clāra, neuter clārum, comparative clārior, superlative clārissimus, adverb clārē); first/second-declension adjective

  1. clear, bright
    Synonym: lūcidus
    Antonyms: obscūrus, opācus
  2. renowned, famous, famed, distinguished, illustrious, celebrated, glorious
    Synonyms: fāmōsus, praeclārus, inclitus, celeber, memorātus
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 1.549-550:
      “Sunt et Siculīs regiōnibus urbēs
      arvaque, Troiānōque ā sanguine clārus Acestēs.”
      “There are also, in the land of Sicily, cities and farms [for us], and [where, born] from Trojan blood, [reigns] the famed Acestes.”
  3. upstanding, respected
  4. loud, clear, distinct, audible

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative clārus clāra clārum clārī clārae clāra
Genitive clārī clārae clārī clārōrum clārārum clārōrum
Dative clārō clārō clārīs
Accusative clārum clāram clārum clārōs clārās clāra
Ablative clārō clārā clārō clārīs
Vocative clāre clāra clārum clārī clārae clāra

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “clārus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 117–118

Further reading[edit]

  • clarus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • clarus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • clarus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • clarus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to become famous, distinguish oneself: clarum fieri, nobilitari, illustrari (not the post-classical clarescere or inclarescere
    • a good,[1] brilliant example; a striking example: exemplum clarum, praeclarum
    • a strong, loud voice: vox magna, clara (Sulla 10. 30)
    • men of rank and dignity: viri clari et honorati (De Sen. 7. 22)
  • clarus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • clarus in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • clarus”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • clarus”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly