claudo

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *klaudō, from Proto-Indo-European *kleh₂u- (key, hook, nail). Cognate with Ancient Greek κλείς (kleís, bar, bolt, key), Old High German sliozan (to close, conclude, lock), Old Saxon slūtan (to close, conclude, lock).

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

claudō (present infinitive claudere, perfect active clausī, supine clausum); third conjugation

  1. I shut, close
  2. I imprison, confine
  3. I besiege, blockade
  4. I limit, restrict
Inflection[edit]
   Conjugation of claudo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present claudō claudis claudit claudimus clauditis claudunt
imperfect claudēbam claudēbās claudēbat claudēbāmus claudēbātis claudēbant
future claudam claudēs claudet claudēmus claudētis claudent
perfect clausī clausistī clausit clausimus clausistis clausērunt, clausēre
pluperfect clauseram clauserās clauserat clauserāmus clauserātis clauserant
future perfect clauserō clauseris clauserit clauserimus clauseritis clauserint
passive present claudor clauderis, claudere clauditur claudimur claudiminī clauduntur
imperfect claudēbar claudēbāris, claudēbāre claudēbātur claudēbāmur claudēbāminī claudēbantur
future claudar claudēris, claudēre claudētur claudēmur claudēminī claudentur
perfect clausus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect clausus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect clausus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present claudam claudās claudat claudāmus claudātis claudant
imperfect clauderem clauderēs clauderet clauderēmus clauderētis clauderent
perfect clauserim clauserīs clauserit clauserīmus clauserītis clauserint
pluperfect clausissem clausissēs clausisset clausissēmus clausissētis clausissent
passive present claudar claudāris, claudāre claudātur claudāmur claudāminī claudantur
imperfect clauderer clauderēris, clauderēre clauderētur clauderēmur clauderēminī clauderentur
perfect clausus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect clausus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present claude claudite
future clauditō clauditō clauditōte clauduntō
passive present claudere claudiminī
future clauditor clauditor clauduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives claudere clausisse clausūrus esse claudī clausus esse clausum īrī
participles claudēns clausūrus clausus claudendus
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Alternative form of claudeō (limp), from claudus (limping; lame).

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

claudō (present infinitive claudere, supine clausum); third conjugation, no perfect

  1. Alternative form of claudeō
Inflection[edit]
  • Third conjugation, but with no perfect conjugation.
   Conjugation of claudo (third conjugation, defective)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present claudō claudis claudit claudimus clauditis claudunt
imperfect claudēbam claudēbās claudēbat claudēbāmus claudēbātis claudēbant
future claudam claudēs claudet claudēmus claudētis claudent
passive present claudor clauderis, claudere clauditur claudimur claudiminī clauduntur
imperfect claudēbar claudēbāris, claudēbāre claudēbātur claudēbāmur claudēbāminī claudēbantur
future claudar claudēris, claudēre claudētur claudēmur claudēminī claudentur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present claudam claudās claudat claudāmus claudātis claudant
imperfect clauderem clauderēs clauderet clauderēmus clauderētis clauderent
passive present claudar claudāris, claudāre claudātur claudāmur claudāminī claudantur
imperfect clauderer clauderēris, clauderēre clauderētur clauderēmur clauderēminī clauderentur
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present claude claudite
future clauditō clauditō clauditōte clauduntō
passive present claudere claudiminī
future clauditor clauditor clauduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives claudere clausūrus esse claudī clausum īrī
participles claudēns clausūrus claudendus