coerceo

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From con- +‎ arceō ‎(enclose; keep off).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

coerceō ‎(present infinitive coercēre, perfect active coercuī, supine coercitum); second conjugation

  1. I enclose on all sides, hold together; surround, encompass.
  2. I restrain, keep back, confine, shut up or in, hold in confinement, repress.
  3. (figuratively, of discourse) I keep within limits, control, limit.
  4. (figuratively, of a passion) I curb, restrain, tame, correct.

Inflection[edit]

   Conjugation of coerceo (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present coerceō coercēs coercet coercēmus coercētis coercent
imperfect coercēbam coercēbās coercēbat coercēbāmus coercēbātis coercēbant
future coercēbō coercēbis coercēbit coercēbimus coercēbitis coercēbunt
perfect coercuī coercuistī coercuit coercuimus coercuistis coercuērunt, coercuēre
pluperfect coercueram coercuerās coercuerat coercuerāmus coercuerātis coercuerant
future perfect coercuerō coercueris coercuerit coercuerimus coercueritis coercuerint
passive present coerceor coercēris, coercēre coercētur coercēmur coercēminī coercentur
imperfect coercēbar coercēbāris, coercēbāre coercēbātur coercēbāmur coercēbāminī coercēbantur
future coercēbor coercēberis, coercēbere coercēbitur coercēbimur coercēbiminī coercēbuntur
perfect coercitus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect coercitus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect coercitus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present coerceam coerceās coerceat coerceāmus coerceātis coerceant
imperfect coercērem coercērēs coercēret coercērēmus coercērētis coercērent
perfect coercuerim coercuerīs coercuerit coercuerīmus coercuerītis coercuerint
pluperfect coercuissem coercuissēs coercuisset coercuissēmus coercuissētis coercuissent
passive present coercear coerceāris, coerceāre coerceātur coerceāmur coerceāminī coerceantur
imperfect coercērer coercērēris, coercērēre coercērētur coercērēmur coercērēminī coercērentur
perfect coercitus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect coercitus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present coercē coercēte
future coercētō coercētō coercētōte coercentō
passive present coercēre coercēminī
future coercētor coercētor coercentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives coercēre coercuisse coercitūrus esse coercērī coercitus esse coercitum īrī
participles coercēns coercitūrus coercitus coercendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
coercēre coercendī coercendō coercendum coercitum coercitū

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • coerceo in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • coerceo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • coerceo in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to have self-control; to restrain oneself, master one's inclinations: sibi imperare or continere et coercere se ipsum
    • to have self-control; to restrain oneself, master one's inclinations: animum regere, coercere, cohibere
    • to overcome one's passions: coercere, cohibere, continere, domitas habere cupiditates
    • to keep good discipline amongst one's men: milites disciplina coercere
    • to keep good discipline amongst one's men: milites coercere et in officio continere (B. C. 1. 67. 4)