color

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See also: colôr

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English colour, color, borrowed from Anglo-Norman colur, from Old French colour, color, from Latin color, from Old Latin colos (covering), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover, conceal). Akin to Latin cēlō (I hide, conceal), Old English helan ("to conceal, cover, hide"; see hele). Displaced Middle English blee (color), from Old English blēo. More at blee. Also partially replaced Old English hīw (color) and its descendants, which is less often used in this sense. Compare also Dutch kleur (color), German Low German Klöör, Kleur, Kulöör, Kuleur (color), Danish kulør (color), Norwegian Bokmål kulør (color), Norwegian Nynorsk kulør (color), Swedish kulör (color), Old Norse kólorr (color), Volapük köl (color). Doublet of couleur.

In the US, the spelling color is used to match the spelling of the word's Latin etymon, and to make all derivatives consistent (colorimeter, coloration, colorize, colorless, etc). Elsewhere in the English-speaking world, the spelling colour has been retained.

Pronunciation[edit]

Homophone: culler

Noun[edit]

color (countable and uncountable, plural colors) (American spelling)

  1. (uncountable) The spectral composition of visible light
    Humans and birds can perceive color.
    Synonym: blee
  2. A subset thereof:
    1. (countable) A particular set of visible spectral compositions, perceived or named as a class.
      Most languages have names for the colors black, white, red, and green.
      Synonyms: blee, hue
      • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 5, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
        Here, in the transept and choir, where the service was being held, one was conscious every moment of an increasing brightness; colours glowing vividly beneath the circular chandeliers, and the rows of small lights on the choristers' desks flashed and sparkled in front of the boys' faces, deep linen collars, and red neckbands.
    2. (uncountable) Hue as opposed to achromatic colors (black, white and grays).
      He referred to the white flag as one "drained of all color".
      Synonyms: hue, shade, blee
    3. These hues as used in color television or films, color photographs, etc (as opposed to the shades of grey used in black-and-white television).
      This film is broadcast in color.  Most people dream in color, but some dream in black and white.
      Synonym: color television
    4. (heraldry) Any of the standard dark tinctures used in a coat of arms, including azure, gules, sable, and vert.
      Coordinate term: metal
      Synonym: stain
  3. A paint.
    The artist took out her colors and began work on a landscape.
  4. (uncountable) Human skin tone, especially as an indicator of race or ethnicity.
    Color has been a sensitive issue in many societies.
    Synonyms: complexion, ethnicity, race
  5. (medicine) Skin color, noted as normal, jaundiced, cyanotic, flush, mottled, pale, or ashen as part of the skin signs assessment.
  6. A flushed appearance of blood in the face; redness of complexion.
    • 1864, Sir Henry Stewart Cunningham, Late Laurels (volumes 1-2, page 117)
      [] her very embarrassment wore a graceful air; her high colour had softened down to a warm, delicate tint; and her dress, which looked beautifully new and fresh, was in good taste, and showed her off to advantage.
  7. (figuratively) Richness of expression; detail or flavour that is likely to generate interest or enjoyment.
    There is a great deal of colour in his writing.
    a bit of local color
    • 1914, Louis Joseph Vance, chapter I, in Nobody, New York, N.Y.: George H[enry] Doran Company, published 1915, OCLC 40817384:
      Three chairs of the steamer type, all maimed, comprised the furniture of this roof-garden, with (by way of local colour) on one of the copings a row of four red clay flower-pots filled with sun-baked dust [].
    Could you give me some color with regards to which products made up the mix of revenue for this quarter?
  8. A standard, flag, or insignia:
    1. (in the plural) A standard or banner.
      The loss of their colors destroyed the regiment's morale.
      Synonyms: banner, standard
    2. (in the plural) The flag of a nation or team.
      The colors were raised over the new territory.
    3. (in the plural) Gang insignia.
      Both of the perpetrators were wearing colors.
  9. (in the plural) An award for sporting achievement, particularly within a school or university.
    He was awarded colors for his football.
  10. (military, in the plural) The morning ceremony of raising the flag.
  11. (physics) A property of quarks, with three values called red, green, and blue, which they can exchange by passing gluons.
  12. (finance, uncountable) A third-order measure of derivative price sensitivity, expressed as the rate of change of gamma with respect to time, or equivalently the rate of change of charm with respect to changes in the underlying asset price.
  13. (typography) The relative lightness or darkness of a mass of written or printed text on a page. (See Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg type color on Wikipedia.Wikipedia .)
  14. (snooker) Any of the colored balls excluding the reds.
  15. A front or facade; an ostensible truth actually false; pretext.
    • 2011, David Baldacci, The Collectors
      At the far end of the continuum, Roger Seagraves collected personal items from people he'd murdered, or assassinated rather, since he'd done it under the color of serving his country.
  16. An appearance of right or authority; color of law.
    Under color of law, he managed to bilk taxpayers of millions of dollars.
    • 1882, The Ohio Law Journal (volume 2, page 396)
      The only thing which this defendant is accused of doing is that he excluded this boy from the school, and he did it under the color of the statute relating to the subject, and did it because he was a colored boy.

Usage notes[edit]

The late Anglo-Norman colour, which is the standard UK spelling, has been the usual spelling in Britain since the 14th century and was chosen by Dr. Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language (1755) along with other Anglo-Norman spellings such as favour, honour, etc. The Latin spelling color was occasionally used from the 15th century onward, mainly due to Latin influence; it was lemmatized by Webster's American Dictionary of the English Language (1828), along with favor, honor, etc., and is currently the standard US spelling.

In Canada, colour is preferred, but color is not unknown; in Australia, -our endings are the standard, although -or endings had some currency in the past and are still sporadically found in some regions. In New Zealand, -our endings are the standard.

Synonyms[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

  • (measure of derivative price sensitivity): Greeks (includes list of coordinate terms)

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adjective[edit]

color (not comparable) (American spelling)

  1. Conveying color, as opposed to shades of gray.
    Color television and movies were considered a great improvement over black and white.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

color (third-person singular simple present colors, present participle coloring, simple past and past participle colored) (American spelling)

  1. (transitive) To give something color.
    Synonyms: dye, paint, stain, shade, tinge, tint
    We could color the walls red.
    1. (transitive) To cause (a pipe, especially a meerschaum) to take on a brown or black color, by smoking.
  2. (intransitive) To apply colors to the areas within the boundaries of a line drawing using colored markers or crayons.
    Synonym: color in
    My kindergartener loves to color.
  3. (of a person or their face) To become red through increased blood flow.
    Synonym: blush
    Her face colored as she realized her mistake.
    She colored as she realized her mistake.
  4. To affect without completely changing.
    Synonyms: affect, influence
    That interpretation certainly colors my perception of the book.
  5. (informal) To attribute a quality to; to portray (as).
    Synonym: call
    Color me confused.
    They tried to colour the industrial unrest as a merely local matter.
  6. (mathematics, graph theory) To assign colors to the vertices of a graph (or the regions of a map) so that no two vertices connected by an edge (regions sharing a border) have the same color.
    Can this graph be 2-colored?
    You can color any map with four colors.

Antonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also[edit]

Colors in English · colors, colours (layout · text)
     white      gray, grey      black
             red; crimson              orange; brown              yellow; cream
             lime              green              mint
             cyan; teal              azure, sky blue              blue
             violet; indigo              magenta; purple              pink

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

color f

  1. color

References[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin color, colōrem.

Noun[edit]

color m (plural colores)

  1. color, colour

Related terms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan color, from Latin color, colōrem, from Old Latin colos, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to hide, conceal).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

color m (plural colors)

  1. color, colour

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Catalan · colors (layout · text)
     blanc      gris      negre
             roig, vermell; carmesí              taronja; marró              groc; crema
             verd lima              verd             
             cian; xarxet              atzur              blau
             violat; indi              magenta; lila, porpra              rosa

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

color m (invariable)

  1. Apocopic form of colore

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Latin colos, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to hide, conceal).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

color m (genitive colōris); third declension

  1. (UK) colour, shade; (US) color
  2. pigment
  3. complexion
  4. outward appearance

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative color colōrēs
Genitive colōris colōrum
Dative colōrī colōribus
Accusative colōrem colōrēs
Ablative colōre colōribus
Vocative color colōrēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan color, from Latin color, colōrem.

Noun[edit]

color f (plural colors)

  1. color

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin color, colōrem (color or colour)

Noun[edit]

color f (oblique plural colors, nominative singular color, nominative plural colors)

  1. color, colour

Descendants[edit]


Old Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin color, colōrem.

Noun[edit]

color f (oblique plural colors, nominative singular color, nominative plural colors)

  1. color, colour

Descendants[edit]


Old Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

color f

  1. Alternative form of coor

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Old Portuguese · coores, colores (layout · text)
     branco      gris      negro, preto
             vermello              castanno              amarelo
                          verde             
                                       azur
                          cardẽo              rosa

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From Latin colōrem, singular accusative of color, from Old Latin colos, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to hide, conceal).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

color m or f (plural colores)

  1. color, colour, hue
  2. rouge (cosmetics)
  3. pretext, motive, reason
  4. character; special quality
    • 1992, César Cadaval, Miguel Ángel Magüesín (lyrics), “Sevilla tiene un color especial”, performed by Los del Río:
      Sevilla tiene un color especial / Sevilla sigue teniendo su duende / Me sigue oliendo a azahar / Me gusta estar con su gente
      Seville has a special character / Seville still has its charm / It still smells like orange blossom to me / I like to be with its people
  5. side, party, faction
  6. race, ethnicity
  7. (feminine, archaic or dialectal) complexion
  8. (poker) flush

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Colors in Spanish · colores (layout · text)
     blanco      gris      negro
             rojo; carmín, carmesí              naranja, anaranjado; marrón              amarillo; crema
             lima              verde              menta
             cian; azul-petróleo              azur              azul
             violeta; añil, índigo              magenta; morado, púrpura              rosa

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]