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Borrowing from Latin compluvium


compluvium (plural compluvia)

  1. (architecture) A space left unroofed over the court of a dwelling in Ancient Rome, through which the rain fell into the impluvium or cistern.



From compluit (it flows together, it rains upon), from cum + pluit (it rains).



compluvium n (genitive compluviī); second declension

  1. a rectangular open space in the middle of a Roman house, which collected rain water falling on the surrounding roof and conducted it to a basin (impluvium) placed below.


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative compluvium compluvia
genitive compluviī compluviōrum
dative compluviō compluviīs
accusative compluvium compluvia
ablative compluviō compluviīs
vocative compluvium compluvia

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • compluvium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “compluvium”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • compluvium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • compluvium in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • compluvium in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin