con

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English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English connen, from Old English cunnan (to know, know how), from Proto-West Germanic *kunnan, from Proto-Germanic *kunnaną, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵneh₃- (whence know). Doublet of can.

Verb[edit]

con (third-person singular simple present cons, present participle conning, simple past and past participle conned)

  1. (rare) To study or examine carefully, especially in order to gain knowledge of; to learn, or learn by heart.
    • 1599 (first performance), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Iulius Cæsar”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene iii], page 125, column 1:
      For Caſſius is a-weary of the World: / Hated by one he loues, brau'd by his Brother, / Check'd like a bondman, all his faults obſeru'd, / Set in a Note-booke, learn'd, and con'd by roate / To caſt into my Teeth.
    • 1815 [1802], William Wordsworth, Resolution and Independence:
      At length, himself unsettling, he the pond / Stirred with his staff, and fixedly did look / Upon the muddy water, which he conned, / As if he had been reading in a book
    • 1795, Edmund Burke, Letter to a Noble Lord on the Attacks Made upon him and his Pension, in the House of Lords, by the Duke of Bedford and the Earl of Lauderdale, Early in the Present Session of Parliament:
      I did not come into parliament to con my lesson. I had earned my pension before I set my foot in St. Stephen's chapel.
    • 1847 January – 1848 July, William Makepeace Thackeray, chapter 21, in Vanity Fair, London: Bradbury and Evans  [], published 1848, OCLC 3174108:
      During these delectable entertainments, Miss Wirt and the chaperon sate by, and conned over the peerage, and talked about the nobility.
    • 1876–1877, Henry James, Jr., chapter 4, in The American, Boston, Mass.: James R[ipley] Osgood and Company, [], published 5 May 1877, OCLC 4655661:
      He read old almanacs at the book-stalls on the quays, and he began to frequent another café, where more newspapers were taken and his postprandial demitasse cost him a penny extra, and where he used to con the tattered sheets for curious anecdotes, freaks of nature, and strange coincidences.
    • 1963, D'Arcy Niland, Dadda jumped over two elephants: short stories:
      The hawk rested on a crag of the gorge and conned the terrain with a fierce and frowning eye.
  2. (rare, obsolete) To know; understand; acknowledge.
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation of Latin contra (against).

Noun[edit]

con (plural cons)

  1. A disadvantage of something, especially when contrasted with its advantages (pros).
    pros and cons
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Clipping of convict.

Noun[edit]

con (plural cons)

  1. (slang) A convicted criminal, a convict.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From con trick, shortened from confidence trick.

Noun[edit]

con (plural cons)

  1. (informal) A fraud; something carried out with the intention of deceiving, usually for personal, often illegal, gain.
    Synonyms: scam; see also Thesaurus:deception
    • 2021 February 23, Rafael Behr, “Brexit is a machine to generate perpetual grievance. It's doing its job perfectly”, in The Guardian[2]:
      Leavers will be attracted to that story because it spares them the discomfort of admitting that they voted for a con, and then made a prime minister of the con artist.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

con (third-person singular simple present cons, present participle conning, simple past and past participle conned)

  1. (transitive, informal) To trick or defraud, usually for personal gain.
    Synonyms: (British, Australian) be sold a pup; see also Thesaurus:deceive
    • 2017 July 17, Martin Lukacs, “Neoliberalism has conned us into fighting climate change as individuals”, in The Guardian[3]:
      Neoliberalism has conned us into fighting climate change as individuals [title]
Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

From earlier cond; see conn.

Verb[edit]

con (third-person singular simple present cons, present participle conning, simple past and past participle conned)

  1. Alternative form of conn (direct a ship)

Noun[edit]

con (uncountable)

  1. Alternative form of conn (navigational direction of a ship)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Clipping of convention or conference.

Noun[edit]

con (plural cons)

  1. (informal) An organized gathering, such as a convention, conference, or congress.
    • 1995 September 4, Lindsay Crawford, “Re: Intersection”, in rec.arts.sf.fandom, Usenet[4], message-ID <9509042250393785@emerald.com>:
      I can't speak for Faye as ed of FHAPA, but it would be really swell of someone could send us a set of Intersection daily newszines, plus any con flyers or other fannish papers that were there to had for the picking up: fannish things, you know, not including media, gaming, filking or costuming, fine fun but not my cup of blog, thank you.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Clipping of conversion.

Noun[edit]

con (plural cons)

  1. (informal) The conversion of part of a building.
    We're getting a loft con done next year.

Etymology 8[edit]

Clipping of consumption.

Noun[edit]

con (uncountable)

  1. (informal, obsolete) Consumption; pulmonary tuberculosis.

Etymology 9[edit]

Origin uncertain. Perhaps a clipping of Middle English acquerne, aquerne, ocquerne, okerne (squirrel), from Old English ācweorna, āqueorna, āquorna, ācurna (squirrel), from Proto-West Germanic *aikwernō, from Proto-Germanic *aikwernô (squirrel); or from its Old Norse cognate íkorni (squirrel), from the same ultimate source. Cognate with West Frisian iikhoarn (squirrel), Dutch eekhoorn (squirrel), German Eichhorn (squirrel), Icelandic íkorni (squirrel).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

con (plural cons)

  1. (zoology, dialectal or obsolete) Squirrel, particularly the red squirrel.
  2. (Northern England, obsolete) A squirrel's nest.

Etymology 10[edit]

Clipping of conservative; compare lib.

Noun[edit]

con (plural cons)

  1. (abbreviation) A political conservative.
    own the cons
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

English terms containing "con" etymologically unrelated to the above entries

Anagrams[edit]


Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cum (with).

Preposition[edit]

con

  1. with

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cum (with).

Preposition[edit]

con

  1. with

Derived terms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Catalan Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ca

Etymology[edit]

From Latin conus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

con m (plural cons)

  1. cone

Related terms[edit]


Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Clipping of Happy Corner, from English Happy Corner.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

con

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) Synonym of Happy Corner.

Verb[edit]

con

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) to perform Happy Corner on someone
    • 2004, “大學迎新出軌玩Con撞下體”, in 大學線[5]:
      調查顯示,有七成男生是在不情願的情況下被con的。另外,近四成受訪者表示即使「被con者」反抗,也不會停止con人。
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Etymology 2[edit]

From clipping of English contact lens.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

con

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) contact lens (Classifier: ; )

Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin cum.

Preposition[edit]

con

  1. with

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin cunnus.

Noun[edit]

con m

  1. (vulgar) vulva, cunt

Fala[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese con, from Latin cum, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm.

Preposition[edit]

con

  1. with
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Chapter 2: Númerus:
      Cumu to é custión de proporciós, sin que sirva de argumentu por nun fel falta, poemus vel que en a misma Europa hai Estaus Soberarius con menus territoriu que os tres lugaris nossus, cumu:
      As everything is a matter of proportions, without its presence being an argument, we can see that even in Europe there are Sovereign States with less territory than our three places, such as:

Antonyms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cunnus, probably ultimately of Proto-Indo-European origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

con m (plural cons, feminine conne)

  1. (vulgar) cunt, pussy (the female genitalia)
  2. (vulgar) arsehole, asshole, fucktard, cunt, retard (stupid person)
    • 2021, Angèle, Plus de sens
      Comme un con qui dit ce qu'il pense, [] rien n'a plus de sens.
      Like an asshole who says what he thinks, [...] nothing makes sense anymore.

Adjective[edit]

con (feminine conne, masculine plural cons, feminine plural connes)

  1. (slang, vulgar) stupid

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese con, from Latin cum (with).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

con

  1. with
    Antonym: sen
Derived terms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

con

  1. and

Etymology 2[edit]

Cons, Couso, Ribeira, Galicia
Boulder known as Con da Edra (Ivy's boulder)

Attested in local Medieval Latin documents as cauno, with a derived cauneto,[1] from Proto-Celtic *akaunon (stone),[2] from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éḱmō.[3] Unlikely from Latin cōnus, which should have originated a word with a closed stressed vowel.[4] Doublet of gouño.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

con m (plural cons)

  1. boulder, specially those found semi-submerged at the seashore
    Synonyms: laxe, petón
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • con” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • caun” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • con” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • con” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • con” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.
  1. ^ "cauneto" in Galleciae Monumenta Historica.
  2. ^ Joan Coromines; José A. Pascual (1983–1991), “con II”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico (in Spanish), Madrid: Gredos
  3. ^ Cf. Xavier Delamarre (2003) Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise: Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental, →ISBN, pages 30-31.
  4. ^ Joseph M. Piel (1953) Miscelânea de etimologia portuguesa a galega: primeira série[1], Coímbra: Universidade, page 99

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

con m sg

  1. genitive singular of

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
con chon gcon
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cum (with), from Proto-Italic *kom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (next to, at, with, along).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

con

  1. with, together
  2. (rowing) coxed

Usage notes[edit]

  • When followed by the definite article, con may be combined with the article to produce the following combined forms (marking these combined forms in writing is old-fashioned, and very rarely used apart from col and coi; however, it has always been very common in speech, and it still is):
con + article Combined form
con + il col
con + lo collo
con + l' coll'
con + i coi
con + gli cogli
con + la colla
con + le colle

Antonyms[edit]


Ladin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • cun (Gherdëina, Badia)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cum (with).

Preposition[edit]

con

  1. with
    Antonyms: zenza, zënza

Ligurian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

con

  1. with
con + article Combined form
con + o co-o
con + a co-a
con + i co-i
con + e co-e

Middle Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

con m

  1. genitive singular/dual/plural of

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
con chon con
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Muong[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *kɔːn, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *kuun or *kuən. Cognates include Old Mon kon, Khmer កូន (koun), Bahnar kon, Vietnamese con.

Noun[edit]

con

  1. (Mường Bi) child

Classifier[edit]

con

  1. (Mường Bi) Indicates animals (including the human)

References[edit]

  • Hà Quang Phùng (2012-09-06) Tìm hiểu về ngữ pháp tiếng Mường (Thim hiếu wuê ngử pháp thiểng Mường) [Understanding Muong grammar]‎[6] (FlashPaper, in Vietnamese, Muong), Thanh Sơn–Phú Thọ Province Continuing Education Center, archived from the original on 19 September 2016, retrieved 19 September 2016

Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin cunnus.

Noun[edit]

con m (oblique plural cons, nominative singular cons, nominative plural con)

  1. (vulgar) cunt (human female genitalia)

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • French: con

Etymology 2[edit]

See conme.

Conjunction[edit]

con

  1. Alternative form of conme

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

con m

  1. genitive singular/dual/plural of

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
con chon con
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cum, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

con

  1. with

Descendants[edit]


Old Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cum.

Preposition[edit]

con

  1. with
    • c. 1200, Cantar del Mio Cid:
      Çid, en el nuestro mal vos non ganades nada;
      mas ¡el Criador vos vala con todas sus vertudes sanctas!»
      Cid, from our ill you gain nothing;
      but may the Creator protect you with all his holy powers!

Descendants[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cum (with), from Proto-Italic *kom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (next to, at, with, along).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

con

  1. with
    Antonym: sin
  2. on
    Yo cuento con ustedes.I count on you.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *kɔːn, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *kuun ~ *kuən. Cognate with Muong còn, Thavung กอน, Mon ကွေန် (kon), Khmer កូន (koun), Bahnar kon, Khasi khun, Central Nicobarese kōan. For semantic relations, compare Chinese (child; small thing; son), Japanese (shi, ko, child; small thing; son; boy; girl). See also non (young, juvenile).

Attested in the Annan Jishi (安南即事, 13th century) as (MC kɑn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(classifier đứa) con (𡥵, )

  1. a child (daughter or son)
    con cáichildren
    con nuôian adopted child
    gà cona chick
    Con cóc con là con con cóc.
    A toadlet is an offspring of a toad.
    • 1983, Homer, Phan Thị Miến, transl., Ô-đi-xê [The Odyssey]:
      Tê-lê-mác, con ! Đừng làm rầy mẹ, mẹ còn muốn thử thách cha ở tại nhà này. Thế nào rồi mẹ con cũng sẽ nhận ra, chắc chắn như vậy. Hiện giờ cha còn bẩn thỉu, áo quần rách rưới, nên mẹ con khinh cha, chưa nói : “Đích thị là chàng rồi !”. […]
      Telemachus, my son! Don’t you bother your mother, she still wants to put me to trials at this home. She will recognize me eventually, there is no doubt about that. I still look like a rascal, in torn clothes, that is why your mother still doubts me, she is yet to say: “It was definitely you this whole time!”. […]
  2. (rare, chiefly in translations of ancient texts) a son
    Antonym: con gái

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

con (𡥵, )

  1. (rare, only in compounds) a small thing
    con quaya spinning top
    con lắca pendulum

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

con (𡥵, )

  1. I/me, your child
  2. (familiar or dialectal, chiefly Central Vietnam and Southern Vietnam) I/me, someone a lot younger than you
  3. you, my child
  4. (familiar or dialectal, chiefly Central Vietnam and Southern Vietnam) you, someone a lot younger than me
    con thật!
    It's you for real!

Usage notes[edit]

  • Sense (4) is chiefly used in central and southern Vietnam, perhaps extensively to northern-central Vietnam. In northern Vietnam, cháu is used instead. Some northerners, however, do use con, especially when talking to southern children on southern TV shows.

Synonyms[edit]

Classifier[edit]

con

  1. Indicates animals (including humans).
  2. (disrespectful) Indicates female people.
    Antonym: thằng
    một thằng, hai conone guy, two girls
  3. Indicates knives, ships, boats, trains and eye pupils.
    con daoa knife
  4. Indicates roads, rivers, streams and waves.
    trên con đường đến hạnh phúcon the road/path to happiness
  5. (somewhat literary) Indicates written characters.
    con chữa character or letter
  6. (colloquial) Indicates wheeled vehicles.
    Anh mày có hẳn hai con xe Honda đấy nhớ!
    I have two Honda motorbikes!
  7. (colloquial) Indicates video games and movies.
    Ông chơi con game này chưa?
    Have you played this game?

Usage notes[edit]

  • Even though con người is used, it is generally thought of as a noun phrase on its own, and người does not require a classifier because it is itself a classifier (compare Japanese (nin)). Một con người "a person" does not sound dehumanizing, but even literary, while một người sounds casual enough.
  • The phrase con người is popularly employed as a philosophical trope or device to bring up discussions about what it means to be human as opposed to being an animal, even though it is not really semantically convincing given the fact that humans are, zoologically, animals, and there are non-animal things going with this classifier.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Zazaki[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to Persian جان(jân).

Noun[edit]

con ?

  1. soul