coniunctivus

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From coniūnctus (united, connected) +‎ -īvus (-ive, relative adjective suffix).

Adjective[edit]

coniūnctīvus (feminine coniūnctīva, neuter coniūnctīvum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. (relational) relating to connection, serving to connect; connective, conjunctive
  2. composite, compound
  3. (grammar) conjunctive and/or subjunctive (the verbal mood that joins clauses together)
    Synonyms: subiūnctīvus, adiūnctīvus, coniūnctātīvus
    Quō enim pactō sine coniūnctīvō modō vīverēmus?How would we even be alive without the conjunctive mood?
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Inflection[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative coniūnctīvus coniūnctīva coniūnctīvum coniūnctīvī coniūnctīvae coniūnctīva
Genitive coniūnctīvī coniūnctīvae coniūnctīvī coniūnctīvōrum coniūnctīvārum coniūnctīvōrum
Dative coniūnctīvō coniūnctīvō coniūnctīvīs
Accusative coniūnctīvum coniūnctīvam coniūnctīvum coniūnctīvōs coniūnctīvās coniūnctīva
Ablative coniūnctīvō coniūnctīvā coniūnctīvō coniūnctīvīs
Vocative coniūnctīve coniūnctīva coniūnctīvum coniūnctīvī coniūnctīvae coniūnctīva

Etymology 2[edit]

Ellipsis of modus coniūnctīvus (the joining-together mood).

Noun[edit]

coniūnctīvus m (genitive coniūnctīvī); second declension

  1. (grammar) the conjunctive and/or subjunctive
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Inflection[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative coniūnctīvus coniūnctīvī
Genitive coniūnctīvī coniūnctīvōrum
Dative coniūnctīvō coniūnctīvīs
Accusative coniūnctīvum coniūnctīvōs
Ablative coniūnctīvō coniūnctīvīs
Vocative coniūnctīve coniūnctīvī

References[edit]

  • conjunctivus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • coniunctivus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be used with the conjunctive mood: adiungi, addi coniunctivo (Marc. Cap. 3. 83)