conjecture

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: conjecturé

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French, from Latin coniectūra (a guess), from coniectus, perfect passive participle of cōniciō (throw or cast together; guess), from con- (together) + iaciō (throw, hurl); see jet. Compare adjective, eject, inject, project, reject, subject, object, trajectory.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /kənˈd͡ʒɛk.t͡ʃə(ɹ)/
  • (US) IPA(key): /kənˈd͡ʒɛk.t͡ʃɚ/
  • (file)
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

conjecture (countable and uncountable, plural conjectures)

  1. (formal) A statement or an idea which is unproven, but is thought to be true; a guess.
    I explained it, but it is pure conjecture whether he understood, or not.
  2. (formal) A supposition based upon incomplete evidence; a hypothesis.
    The physicist used his conjecture about subatomic particles to design an experiment.
  3. (mathematics, linguistics) A statement likely to be true based on available evidence, but which has not been formally proven.
  4. (obsolete) Interpretation of signs and omens.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

conjecture (third-person singular simple present conjectures, present participle conjecturing, simple past and past participle conjectured)

  1. (formal, intransitive) To guess; to venture an unproven idea.
    I do not know if it is true; I am simply conjecturing here.
  2. (transitive) To infer on slight evidence; to guess at.
    • February 22, 1685, Robert South, All Contingences under the Direction of God's Providence (sermon preached at Westminster Abbey)
      Human reason can then, at the best, but conjecture what will be.

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin coniectūra.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

conjecture f (plural conjectures)

  1. conjecture

Usage notes[edit]

Not to be confused with conjoncture.

Verb[edit]

conjecture

  1. first-person singular present indicative of conjecturer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of conjecturer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of conjecturer
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of conjecturer
  5. second-person singular imperative of conjecturer

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Participle[edit]

conjectūre

  1. vocative masculine singular of conjectūrus

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

conjecture

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of conjecturar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of conjecturar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of conjecturar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of conjecturar