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  1. first-person singular present indicative of constringere



From con- +‎ stringo.



cōnstringō (present infinitive cōnstringere, perfect active cōnstrīnxī, supine cōnstrictum); third conjugation

  1. I draw or bind together
  2. I tie up
  3. I hinder or inhibit
  4. I compress or squeeze


   Conjugation of constringo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cōnstringō cōnstringis cōnstringit cōnstringimus cōnstringitis cōnstringunt
imperfect cōnstringēbam cōnstringēbās cōnstringēbat cōnstringēbāmus cōnstringēbātis cōnstringēbant
future cōnstringam cōnstringēs cōnstringet cōnstringēmus cōnstringētis cōnstringent
perfect cōnstrīnxī cōnstrīnxistī cōnstrīnxit cōnstrīnximus cōnstrīnxistis cōnstrīnxērunt, cōnstrīnxēre
pluperfect cōnstrīnxeram cōnstrīnxerās cōnstrīnxerat cōnstrīnxerāmus cōnstrīnxerātis cōnstrīnxerant
future perfect cōnstrīnxerō cōnstrīnxeris cōnstrīnxerit cōnstrīnxerimus cōnstrīnxeritis cōnstrīnxerint
passive present cōnstringor cōnstringeris, cōnstringere cōnstringitur cōnstringimur cōnstringiminī cōnstringuntur
imperfect cōnstringēbar cōnstringēbāris, cōnstringēbāre cōnstringēbātur cōnstringēbāmur cōnstringēbāminī cōnstringēbantur
future cōnstringar cōnstringēris, cōnstringēre cōnstringētur cōnstringēmur cōnstringēminī cōnstringentur
perfect cōnstrictus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect cōnstrictus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect cōnstrictus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cōnstringam cōnstringās cōnstringat cōnstringāmus cōnstringātis cōnstringant
imperfect cōnstringerem cōnstringerēs cōnstringeret cōnstringerēmus cōnstringerētis cōnstringerent
perfect cōnstrīnxerim cōnstrīnxerīs cōnstrīnxerit cōnstrīnxerīmus cōnstrīnxerītis cōnstrīnxerint
pluperfect cōnstrīnxissem cōnstrīnxissēs cōnstrīnxisset cōnstrīnxissēmus cōnstrīnxissētis cōnstrīnxissent
passive present cōnstringar cōnstringāris, cōnstringāre cōnstringātur cōnstringāmur cōnstringāminī cōnstringantur
imperfect cōnstringerer cōnstringerēris, cōnstringerēre cōnstringerētur cōnstringerēmur cōnstringerēminī cōnstringerentur
perfect cōnstrictus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect cōnstrictus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cōnstringe cōnstringite
future cōnstringitō cōnstringitō cōnstringitōte cōnstringuntō
passive present cōnstringere cōnstringiminī
future cōnstringitor cōnstringitor cōnstringuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives cōnstringere cōnstrīnxisse cōnstrictūrus esse cōnstringī cōnstrictus esse cōnstrictum īrī
participles cōnstringēns cōnstrictūrus cōnstrictus cōnstringendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
cōnstringere cōnstringendī cōnstringendō cōnstringendum cōnstrictum cōnstrictū

Derived terms[edit]



  • constringo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • constringo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • constringo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette