From Middle English consumen, from Old French consumer, from Latin cōnsūmere, cōnsūmō, from con- (“with, together”) + sūmō (“take; consume”), from sub- + emō (“to buy, take”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁em- (“to take, distribute”), possibly related to the root *nem- (“to take or give one's due”).
- (Received Pronunciation, UK, General Australian) IPA(key): /kənˈsjuːm/
- (UK, General Australian) IPA(key): /kənˈʃuːm/
- (US) enPR: kən-so͞om, IPA(key): /kənˈsum/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (UK) (file)
- Rhymes: (Received Pronunciation, UK, General Australian) -uːm, (US) -um
- (transitive) To use up.
- The power plant consumes 30 tons of coal per hour.
- (transitive) To eat.
- Baby birds consume their own weight in food each day.
- (transitive) To completely occupy the thoughts or attention of.
- Desire consumed him.
- (transitive) To destroy completely.
- The building was consumed by fire.
- c. 1608–1609, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Coriolanus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene vi]:
- If he were putting to my house the brand / That shall consume it.
- 1900, The New Covenant Commonly Called the New Testament of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ (American Standard Version), New York: Thomas Nelson & Sons, Matthew 6:19–20:
- Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon the earth, where moth and rust consume, and where thieves break through and steal: but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth consume, and where thieves do not break through to steal: […]
- (intransitive, obsolete) To waste away slowly.
- 1598–1599 (first performance), William Shakespeare, “Much Adoe about Nothing”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene i]:
- Therefore, let Benedick, like cover'd fire, / Consume away in sighs.
- 1748, Samuel Richardson, Clarissa, Letter 441:
- But, sir, you see how weak I am. You must see that I have been consuming from day to day […] .
- 1899, Kate Chopin, The Awakening:
- He assured her the child was consuming at that moment in the next room.
- (economics, transitive, intransitive) To trade money for good or services as an individual.
- In a materialistic society, individuals are taught to consume, consume, consume.
- If you consume this product while in Japan, you may be subject to consumption tax.
- (transitive) To absorb information, especially through the mass media.
- The Internet has changed the way we consume news.
- (use): burn (of energy), use, use up
- (eat): devour, eat, swallow
- (occupy): occupy, overcome, take over
- (destroy): annihilate, destroy, devastate, eliminate, obliterate, raze (of a building), wipe out
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- inflection of :
- first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of consumar
- third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of consumar
- third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of consumar
- third-person singular (você) negative imperative of consumar
- Informal second-person singular (tú) affirmative imperative form of consumir.
- Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of consumir.
- Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of consumir.
- Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of consumar.
- First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of consumar.
- Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of consumar.
- Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of consumar.