consume

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: consumé

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English consumen, from Old French consumer, from Latin cōnsūmere, cōnsūmō, from con- (with, together) +‎ sūmō (take; consume), from sub- +‎ emō (to buy, take), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁em- (to take, distribute), possibly related to the root *nem- (to take or give one's due).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

consume (third-person singular simple present consumes, present participle consuming, simple past and past participle consumed)

  1. (transitive) To use up.
    The power plant consumes 30 tons of coal per hour.
  2. (transitive) To eat.
    Baby birds consume their own weight in food each day.
  3. (transitive) To completely occupy the thoughts or attention of.
    Desire consumed him.
  4. (transitive) To destroy completely.
    The building was consumed by fire.
  5. (intransitive, obsolete) To waste away slowly.
    • 1598–1599 (first performance), William Shakespeare, “Much Adoe about Nothing”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene i]:
      Therefore, let Benedick, like cover'd fire, / Consume away in sighs.
    • 1748, Samuel Richardson, Clarissa, Letter 441:
      But, sir, you see how weak I am. You must see that I have been consuming from day to day [] .
    • 1899, Kate Chopin, The Awakening:
      He assured her the child was consuming at that moment in the next room.
  6. (economics, transitive, intransitive) To trade money for good or services as an individual.
    In a materialistic society, individuals are taught to consume, consume, consume.
    If you consume this product while in Japan, you may be subject to consumption tax.
  7. (transitive) To absorb information, especially through the mass media.
    The Internet has changed the way we consume news.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

consume

  1. inflection of consumer:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Verb[edit]

consume

  1. second-person singular imperative of consumir

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

cōnsūme

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of cōnsūmō

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

consume

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of consumar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of consumar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of consumar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of consumar

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

consume

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of consumir.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of consumir.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of consumir.

Verb[edit]

consume

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of consumar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of consumar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of consumar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of consumar.