cortex

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See also: córtex

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin cortex (cork).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cortex (countable and uncountable, plural cortexes or cortices)

  1. (countable, anatomy) The outer layer of an internal organ or body structure, such as the kidney or the brain.
  2. (uncountable, botany) The tissue of a stem or root that lies inward from the epidermis, but exterior to the vascular tissue.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • cortex at OneLook Dictionary Search

French[edit]

Noun[edit]

cortex m (uncountable)

  1. cortex

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *(s)kert-, extended from *(s)ker- (to cut). Cognate with Ancient Greek κείρω (keírō, I cut off), English shear, German scheren, Albanian harr (to cut, to mow), Lithuanian skìrti (separate), Welsh ysgar (separate), Old Armenian քերեմ (kʿerem, to scrape, scratch).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cortex m (genitive corticis); third declension

  1. The bark of a tree; the bark of a cork tree; cork.
  2. The shell or outward part or covering of anything else; body.

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cortex corticēs
genitive corticis corticum
dative corticī corticibus
accusative corticem corticēs
ablative cortice corticibus
vocative cortex corticēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • cortex in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cortex in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “cortex”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • cortex” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • cortex in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers