crimen

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from Latin crīmen (verdict; adultery; crime). Doublet of crime.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

crimen (countable and uncountable, plural crimina)

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  1. (religion) An impediment to marriage in the canon law of the Roman Catholic Church, preventing the marriage of people who had murdered an existing spouse in order to remarry (even without committing adultery).

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *kreimen, from Proto-Indo-European *kréymn̥, from *krey- (sieve) + *-mn̥, equivalent to cernō (sieve) +‎ -men (noun-forming suffix). Compare also Ancient Greek κρῖμα (krîma).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

crīmen n (genitive crīminis); third declension

  1. A judicial decision, verdict, or judgment.
  2. An object of reproach, invective.
  3. A crime, fault, offense
    Synonyms: dēlictum, peccātum, scelus, vitium, noxa, facinus, iniūria, error, culpa, malum, commissum, dēlinquentia, maleficium
    Antonyms: bonum, rēctum, virtūs
  4. An object representing a crime.
  5. A cause of a crime; criminal.
  6. The crime of lewdness; adultery.
  7. (in respect to the accuser) A charge, accusation, reproach; calumny, slander.
  8. (in respect to the accused) The fault one is accused of; crime, misdeed, offence, fault.

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative crīmen crīmina
Genitive crīminis crīminum
Dative crīminī crīminibus
Accusative crīmen crīmina
Ablative crīmine crīminibus
Vocative crīmen crīmina

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References[edit]

  • crimen”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • crimen”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • crimen in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to reproach a person with..: aliquid alicui crimini dare, vertere
    • to refute charges: crimina diluere, dissolvere
    • to reproach, blame a person for..: aliquid alicui crimini dare, vitio vertere (Verr. 5. 50)
  • crimen”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • crimen”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Anagrams[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin crīmen (verdict; crime).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɾimen/, [ˈkɾi.mẽn]
  • Hyphenation: cri‧men
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

crimen m (plural crímenes)

  1. violent crime
    Synonym: delito

Usage notes[edit]

  • crimen refers to very serious crimes such as murder or assault; delito refers to any violation of the law.

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Further reading[edit]