crimen

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin crīmen ‎(verdict; adultery; crime).

Noun[edit]

crimen ‎(uncountable)

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

  1. (religion) An impediment to marriage in the canon law of the Roman Catholic Church, preventing the marriage of people who had murdered an existing spouse in order to remarry (even without committing adultery).

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *kreimen, from Proto-Indo-European *kréymn̥, from *krey- ‎(sieve) + *-mn̥, equivalent to cernō ‎(sieve) +‎ -men. Compare also Ancient Greek κρῖμα ‎(krîma).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

crīmen n ‎(genitive crīminis); third declension

  1. A judicial decision, verdict, judgment or judgement.
  2. An object of reproach, invective.
  3. An object representing a crime.
  4. A cause of a crime; criminal.
  5. The crime of lewdness; adultery.
  6. (in respect to the accuser) A charge, accusation, reproach; calumny, slander.
  7. (in respect to the accused) The fault one is accused of; crime, misdeed, offence, fault.

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative crīmen crīmina
genitive crīminis crīminum
dative crīminī crīminibus
accusative crīmen crīmina
ablative crīmine crīminibus
vocative crīmen crīmina

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • crimen” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • crimen” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to reproach a person with..: aliquid alicui crimini dare, vertere
    • to refute charges: crimina diluere, dissolvere
    • to reproach, blame a person for..: aliquid alicui crimini dare, vitio vertere (Verr. 5. 50)

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin crīmen ‎(verdict; crime).

Noun[edit]

crimen m ‎(plural crímenes)

  1. violent crime (for non-violent crimes use delito)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]