croire

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French creire, croire, from Latin crēdere, present active infinitive of crēdō, from Proto-Italic *krezðō, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱred dʰeh₁- (to place one's heart, i.e. to trust, believe), compound phrase of oblique case form of *ḱḗr (heart) and *dʰeh₁- (to put, place, set).

See cognates in regional languages in France : Norman creire, Gallo craire, Picard croère, Bourguignon croire, Franco-Provençal crêre, Occitan creire or créser, Corsican credè.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kʁwaʁ/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

croire

  1. (transitive) to believe (someone)
    Il jure qu'il dit la vérité. Je ne le crois pas.
    He swears that he's telling the truth. I do not believe him.
    Je crois que c'est vrai.
    I believe that it is true.
  2. to believe, to accept as true [+ à (something)]
    Croire à quelque choseTo believe in something.
    Les français croient à l'amour.
    The French believe in love.
    Croyez-vous à l'existence de Dieu?
    Do you believe (in) the existence of God?
    Nous croyons à la venue du messie.
    We believe in the coming of the Messiah.
  3. to believe, to have faith [+ en (object) = in]
    • 2013, Zaz, Je rentre
      Je fais la promesse de ne plus croire en ce qui me ment, de ne me nier dans ma souffrance.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    croire en quelqu'un, en quelque choseI have faith in someone, ...in something.
    Oui, je crois en Dieu.
    Yes, I believe in God.
    Je crois en toi.
    I have faith in you.
    Il ne croit qu'en soi.
    He only believes in himself.
  4. (reflexive, often followed by an adjective) to think of oneself as, to consider oneself as
    Il se croit parfait.
    He thinks he's perfect.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Saint Dominican Creole French: crére
    • Haitian Creole: kwè

Further reading[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • craire (Anglo-Norman)
  • credre (9th and 10th centuries)
  • creire (Anglo-Norman or early Old French)

Etymology[edit]

From earlier creire, from very early Old French credre, from Latin crēdere, present active infinitive of crēdō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

croire

  1. to believe
  2. (reflexive, se croire) to think oneself (to be)
    Se croire li rois - to think oneself to be the king

Conjugation[edit]

This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. This verb has a stressed present stem croi distinct from the unstressed stem cre, as well as other irregularities. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • “Appendix E: Irregular Verbs” in E. Einhorn (1974), Old French: A Concise Handbook, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 152