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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English croupe, from Old French croupe ‎(rump, body), from Old Norse kroppr ‎(body, trunk, mass), from Proto-Germanic *kruppaz ‎(body, mass, heap, collection, crop), from Proto-Indo-European *grewb- ‎(to curve, bend, crawl). More at group, crop.


croup ‎(plural croups)

  1. The top of the rump of a horse or other quadruped.
    • Sir Walter Scott
      So light to the croup the fair lady he swung, / So light to the saddle before her he sprung.
    • 1835, Charles Frederick Partington, The British cyclopædia of natural history
      The guib [a kind of antelope] is of the mean dimensions, or four feet and a half in total length, and two and a half high at the shoulders, but rather higher at the croup.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Scots croup, croop ‎(the croup), from Scots croup, crowp, croop ‎(to croak, speak hoarsely, murmur, complain), from Old Scots crowp, crope, croap ‎(to call loudly, croak), alteration of rowp, roup, roip, rope ‎(to cry, cry hoarsely, roop), from Middle English roupen, ropen, from Old English hrōpan ‎(to shout, proclaim; cry out, scream, howl), from Proto-Germanic *hrōpaną ‎(to shout), from Proto-Indo-European *ker-, *kor- ‎(to caw, crow). More at roop.


croup ‎(third-person singular simple present croups, present participle crouping, simple past and past participle crouped)

  1. (obsolete outside dialects) To croak, make a hoarse noise.


croup ‎(uncountable)

  1. (pathology) An infectious illness of the larynx, especially in young children, causing respiratory difficulty.
Derived terms[edit]
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