culpa

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See also: culpá and culpă

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin culpa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

culpa (plural culpae)

  1. (law) Negligence or fault, as distinguishable from dolus (deceit, fraud), which implies intent, culpa being imputable to defect of intellect, dolus to defect of heart.
    • 1849, James G. Butler, A Summary of the Roman Civil Law:
      Every actual delict presupposes a dolus or culpa, with the concomitant consciousness and prepense

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for culpa in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913)

Anagrams[edit]


Aragonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin culpa.

Noun[edit]

culpa f (plural culpas)

  1. blame, fault

Further reading[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin culpa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

culpa f (plural culpes)

  1. fault, blame
  2. guilt

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese culpa, a learned borrowing from Latin culpa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

culpa f (plural culpas)

  1. blame, guilt
    A culpa morre solteira (proverb)Guilt dies unmarried

References[edit]

  • culpa” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • culpa” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • culpa” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • culpa” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • culpa” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *kʷolpā (wrong, mistake), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷolp-eh₂ (bend, turn), from *kʷelp-.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

culpa f (genitive culpae); first declension

  1. fault, defect
  2. blame, guilt
    • Titivillus in culpa est.
      Titivillus is at fault [for introducing the errata in a copy of a manuscript].
  3. crime, punishable act, mischief
    Synonyms: dēlictum, peccātum, scelus, vitium, noxa, crīmen, facinus, iniūria, malum, error, commissum, maleficium
    Antonyms: bonum, rēctum, virtūs
Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative culpa culpae
Genitive culpae culpārum
Dative culpae culpīs
Accusative culpam culpās
Ablative culpā culpīs
Vocative culpa culpae
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • French: coulpe
  • Italian: colpa
  • Old Portuguese: culpa
  • Romanian: culpă
  • Sicilian: curpa
  • Spanish: culpa

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “culpa”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 151

Further reading[edit]

  • culpa”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • culpa”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • culpa in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • culpa in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a guilty conscience: conscientia mala or peccatorum, culpae, sceleris, delicti
    • to be conscious of no ill deed: nullius culpae sibi conscium esse
    • to be free from blame: extra culpam esse
    • to be almost culpable: affinem esse culpae
    • to put the blame on another: culpam in aliquem conferre, transferre, conicere
    • to attribute the fault to some one: culpam alicui attribuere, assignare
    • to commit some blameworthy action: culpam committere, contrahere
    • to commit some blameworthy action: facinus, culpam in se admittere
    • to bear the blame of a thing: culpam alicuius rei sustinere
    • to exonerate oneself from blame: culpam a se amovere
    • (ambiguous) to be at fault; to blame; culpable: in culpa esse
    • (ambiguous) some one is to blame in a matter; it is some one's fault: culpa alicuius rei est in aliquo
    • (ambiguous) it is my fault: mea culpa est
    • (ambiguous) to be free from blame: culpa carere, vacare
    • (ambiguous) to be free from blame: abesse a culpa
    • (ambiguous) to be almost culpable: prope abesse a culpa
  • culpa”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • culpa”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

culpā

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of culpō

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin culpa.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: cul‧pa

Noun[edit]

culpa f (plural culpas)

  1. fault

Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:culpa.


Romanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

culpa f

  1. definite nominative/accusative singular of culpă

Spanish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin culpa; cf. the inherited Old Spanish colpa.[1]

Noun[edit]

culpa f (plural culpas)

  1. fault
  2. guilt
  3. blame
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

culpa

  1. inflection of culpar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]