cutting

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See also: Cutting

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A railway cutting (sense 4) near Fulwell railway station in London, UK

From cut +‎ -ing.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cutting (countable and uncountable, plural cuttings)

  1. (countable, uncountable) The action of the verb to cut.
    How many different cuttings can this movie undergo?
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, Leviticus 19:28, column 1:
      Ye ſhall not make any cuttings in your fleſh for the dead, nor print any markes vpon you: I am the Lord.
    • 1993, John Powell, “The Basic Principles”, in CO2 Laser Cutting, London; Berlin: Springer-Verlag, DOI:10.1007/978-1-4471-3384-1, →ISBN, section 1.1 (The Cutting Process), pages 2–3:
      The first industrial use of CO2 lasers was the cutting of plywood dye boards for the packaging industry. [...] The laser cutting process has a number of advantages over competing technologies which have ensured the growth of this branch of industry: [...]
    • 2014, Mary Nyangweso, “Female Genital Cutting: An Overview”, in Female Genital Cutting in Industrialized Countries: Mutilation or Cultural Tradition?, Santa Barbara, Calif.: Praeger, ABC-CLIO, page 15:
      Female genital cutting is an intentional, nonmedical modification of the female genitalia. It is commonly performed on girls between the ages of 4 and 16, although in some cases it is performed on infants as young as three months old.
  2. (countable) A section removed from a larger whole.
    • 1723, John Smith, The Curiosities of Common Water: Or The Advantages thereof in Preventing and Curing Many Distempers. [], 5th edition, London: [] John and Barham Clark, [], OCLC 722999200, pages 9–10:
      [O]bſerving [...] abundance of Matter floating in the Urine like Bran, with a great Number of Recrements like Cuttings of Hair, ſome above an Inch long, which Subſtances were found in all the Water that I made in above Twelve Months; for which I could get no Remedy: I was adviſed to drink Water, which in about half a Year did intirely free me from thoſe Symptoms, [...]
    • 1839 March 23, George Nelson, “Specification of a Patent Granted to George Nelson, [] for a New or Improved Method, or New and Improved Methods of Preparing Gelatine which has the Properties of or Resembles Glue.—Sealed March 23, 1839”, in The Repertory of Patent Inventions, [], volume XIII (New Series), number LXXVII, London: [] J. S. Hodson, [], published May 1840, OCLC 773063956, page 270:
      I make such gelatine as above mentioned of two different qualities, [...] and I use all such hides and skins, and cuttings of hides and skins as are usually employed in manufacturing glue according to the ordinary method, and which are commonly called glue-pieces, [...]
    • 2011, Natalie Avella; Laura Heyenga, compiler, “Introduction”, in Paper Cutting: Contemporary Artists, Timeless Craft, San Francisco, Calif.: Chronicle Books, →ISBN, page 9, column 1:
      Yet, while paper cuttings can look very modern, paper cutting as an activity has a long, rich heritage. The Chinese, who first invented paper as we know it, started cutting more than a thousand years before most Europeans had ever seen a piece of paper. The oldest extant paper cutting is a simple symmetrical circle from the sixth century that was found in a far western province of China.
    1. (countable) A newspaper clipping.
      • p. 1871, Smuggling & Smugglers in Sussex. [], Brighton, East Sussex: W. J. Smith, [], OCLC 42303627, page 263:
        Extract from "Newspaper Cuttings relating to Sussex," (Sussex Archaeological Collections, 1872, pp. 140, 141.)
      • 1878 July 13, Henry C. Fisk, witness, “Eleventh Day”, in Presidential Election Investigation: Testimony Taken by the Select Committee on Alleged Frauds in the Presidential Election of 1876 (45th Congress, 3d Session, House of Representatives Mis. Doc.; 31, part 3), volume III (Testimony Relating to Louisiana), Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, published 1879, OCLC 23223188, page 252:
        The Witness. [After a farther inspection of the newspaper cutting.] No; it is not in that part about Weber, but here [indicating another newspaper cutting] is the agreement that Mr. Wilder was testifying about, and that has Weber's name.
      • 1919 October 20, Virginia Woolf, chapter VI, in Night and Day, London: Duckworth and Company [], OCLC 598428, page 81:
        Mrs. Seal wandered about with newspaper cuttings, which seemed to her either "quite splendid" or "really too bad for words." She used to paste these into books, or send them to her friends, having first drawn a broad bar in blue pencil down the margin, a proceeding which signified equally and indistinguishably the depths of her reprobation or the heights of her approval.
    2. (countable, horticulture) A leaf, stem, branch, or root removed from a plant and cultivated to grow a new plant.
      • 1683, John Reid, “Of the Several Wayes of Propagation”, in The Scots Gard’ner: [], Edinburgh: [] David Lindsay, [], OCLC 228724931, 2nd part (Treating of the Culture of Plants), paragraph 5, page 59:
        To propagate by cuttings, is to cut off the branch or ſtem of a Plant, and to ſet it in the Earth without Roots. Strip it of leaves and branches, Plant deeper than theſe with Roots, and in a rich and moiſt ſoil, keeping it watered and ſhaded, Untill Rooted; cut off their Tops ſave Greens, as if your cutting be 12 Inches long, let 9 be under, and 3 above ground.
      • 1733, Philip Miller, “VITIS”, in The Gardeners Dictionary: [], 2nd edition, London: [] C[harles] Rivington, [], OCLC 429215710, column 1:
        All the Sorts of Vines are propagated either from Layers or Cuttings, the former of which is greatly practis'd in England, but the latter is what I would recommend, as being much preferable to the other. [...] I had rather plant a good Cutting than a rooted Plant, provided it be well choſen, and there is leſs Danger of its not growing.
      • 1803, [William] Marshall, “Buxus”, in On Planting and Rural Ornament. A Practical Treatise, [...] In Two Volumes, volume II, 3rd edition, London: [] G[eorge] and W. Nicol, []; G[eorge] and J[ohn] Robinson, []; and T[homas] Cadell and W[illiam] Davies, [], OCLC 2433798, page 47:
        The method of propagating the Box is perfectly easy: it may be raised from cuttings, or from seed, or by layering. [...] For planting the cuttings, [Thomas] Hanbury says the month of August is the best time, if any rain falls.
  3. (countable) An abridged selection of written work, often intended for performance.
    The actor had to make his cutting shorter to fit the audition time.
  4. (countable, Britain) An open passage at a level lower than the surrounding terrain, dug for a canal, railway, or road to go through.
    Synonym: cut
    Antonym: embankment
    • 1832, “Documents in Relation to the Comparative Merits of Canals and Railroads, Submitted by Mr. Howard, of Maryland, []. (Doc. No. 101) [No. 7. Observations upon the Cost of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway.]”, in Executive Documents, Printed by Order of the House of Representatives, at the First Session of the Twenty-second Congress, [] In Seven Volumes, volume III, Washington, D.C.: [] Duff Green, OCLC 13401553, page 211:
      [T]he railway, however, will require a farther outlay to render it complete, though the locomotive engine has passed over every foot of ground from Liverpool to Salford. The slopes of the cuttings want dressing, and several of them want protecting with foot walls.
    • 1876, William Ernest Henley, “[Poem] XXI”, in A Book of Verses, 3rd edition, New York, N.Y.: Scribner & Welford, published 1891, OCLC 1912116, page 77:
      We flash across the level. / We thunder thro' the bridges. / We bicker down the cuttings. / We sway along the ridges.
    • 1961 February, D. Bertram, “The lines to Wetherby and their traffic”, in Trains Illustrated, page 101:
      On the descent the line is often in cuttings; some are high, such as at Scarcroft, where a cut through firestone and fireclay was necessary, and near Bardsey, where the line threads a deep tree-lined gorge.
  5. (uncountable, cinematography, sound engineering) The editing of film or other recordings.
  6. (uncountable, machining) The process of bringing metals to a desired shape by chipping away the unwanted material.
    Boring, drilling, milling, and turning are all different kinds of metal cutting processes.
    • 2009, Tony Atkins, “Slice–Push Ratio: Oblique Cutting and Curved Blades, Scissors, Guillotining and Drilling”, in The Science and Engineering of Cutting: The Mechanics and Processes of Separating, Scratching and Puncturing Biomaterials, Metals and Non-metals, Oxford, Oxfordshire; Amsterdam: Butterworth-Heinemann, →ISBN, section 5.1 (Introduction), page 111:
      Metal-cutting tools often have two cutting edges, both of which are angled to the direction of cutting, and in round-nosed tools the inclination continuously varies [...].
  7. (uncountable, psychology) The act of cutting one's own skin as a symptom of a mental disorder; self-harm.
    • 2014, Greg Roza, “What is Self-injury?”, in Cutting and Self-injury (Teen Mental Health), New York, N.Y.: Rosen Publishing Group, →ISBN, page 7:
      Cutting has become one of the most popular forms of self-injury, but there are others at well, and each is just as dangerous as cutting. The information here might help you recognize the signs of self-injury in others.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adjective[edit]

cutting (not comparable)

  1. That is used for cutting.
    I need some sort of cutting utensil to get through this shrink wrap.
    • 1984, E[dward] M[oor] Trent, “Heat in Metal Cutting”, in Metal Cutting, 2nd edition, London; Boston, Mass.: Butterworths & Co., published 1989, →ISBN, page 54:
      The power consumed in metal cutting is largely converted into heat near the cutting edge of the tool, and many of the economic and technical problems of machining are caused directly or indirectly by this heating action.
  2. Piercing, sharp.
    • 2004 June, P[atricia] N[ead] Elrod, chapter 12, in Death Masque (Adventures of Jonathan Barrett, Gentleman Vampire; 3), Dallas, Tex.: BenBella Books, →ISBN, page 211:
      The weather was atrocious, with bitterly cold wind and cutting sleet—rather appropriate, considering Aunt Fonteyn's temperament.
  3. Of criticism, remarks, etc.: (potentially) hurtful.
    The director gave the auditioning actors cutting criticism.
    • 1703, Ambr[ose] Philips, “An Appendix to the Life of Abp. Williams”, in The Life of John Williams, Ld Keeper of the Great Seal, Bishop of Lincoln, and ABp. [Archbishop] of York. [], 2nd edition, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire: [] A[bel] Roper []; and R. Basset [], OCLC 642306667, page 311:
      [H]e concludes with this cutting remark, But Benefactors may give Money, but not grateful Minds to ſuch as receive it.
    • 1861 September, “The Little Gleaner”, in The Child’s Companion, and Juvenile Instructor, number 201, London: The Religious Tract Society; [], OCLC 930602350, page 260:
      Poor Betsy had often been the subject of Tommy's jokes; many a cutting remark had been made about her dress, which, though clean and whole, was always poor and old-fashioned; [...]
  4. (India) Of a beverage: half-sized.
    a cutting chai

Hyponyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

cutting

  1. present participle of cut

References[edit]

  1. ^ cutting, n.”, in OED Online Paid subscription required, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, 1893; “cutting, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.

Further reading[edit]