dactylus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek δάκτυλος(dáktulos, a finger, a dactyl); hence the metonymy, after the three bones of the finger.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dactylus m ‎(genitive dactylī); second declension

  1. a sort of muscle
  2. a kind of grape
  3. a sort of grass
  4. a precious stone
  5. the date
  6. (in metre) a dactyl ( ̄ ̆ ̆), one long followed by two short, or one accented followed by two unaccented; this came to be in an allusion to the three joints of the finger

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative dactylus dactylī
genitive dactylī dactylōrum
dative dactylō dactylīs
accusative dactylum dactylōs
ablative dactylō dactylīs
vocative dactyle dactylī

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dactylus m ‎(feminine dactyla, neuter dactylum); first/second declension

  1. (New Latin) finger-like; fingered.

Declension[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative dactylus dactyla dactylum dactylī dactylae dactyla
genitive dactylī dactylae dactylī dactylōrum dactylārum dactylōrum
dative dactylō dactylō dactylīs
accusative dactylum dactylam dactylum dactylōs dactylās dactyla
ablative dactylō dactylā dactylō dactylīs
vocative dactyle dactyla dactylum dactylī dactylae dactyla

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]