dexter

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See also: Dexter

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin dexter, from Proto-Indo-European *deḱs(i)-tero-, from *deḱs- (right) (Pokorny, Watkins, 1969; et al.). Compare Epic Greek δεξιτερός (dexiterós, right hand), δεξιός (dexiós, right), Old Church Slavonic деснъ (desnŭ, right).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈdɛkstə/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

dexter (not comparable)

  1. Right; on the right-hand side.
    • 1887, George William Foote; J. M. Wheeler, Crimes of Christianity, London: Progressive Publishing:
      Displaying his dexter palm, he exclaimed that there was a hand that never took a bribe; whereupon a smart auditor cried "How about the one behind your back?"
    • 1911, Saki, ‘The Match-Maker’, The Chronicles of Clovis:
      Clovis wiped the trace of Turkish coffee and the beginnings of a smile from his lips, and slowly lowered his dexter eyelid.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

dexter (plural dexters)

  1. (heraldry) The right side of a shield from the wearer's standpoint, and the left side to the viewer.
  2. The right hand.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • dester (Vulgar or Late Latin, Pompeian inscriptions)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *deksteros, from Proto-Indo-European *deḱs(i)-tero-, from *deḱs- (right). Cognate with Ancient Greek δεξιός (dexiós), Old High German zesawa ("right hand", "right hand side"), Sanskrit दक्षिण (dákṣiṇa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dexter (feminine dextra or dextera, neuter dextrum or dexterum); first/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er; two different stems)

  1. right (relative direction), right hand
    Antonyms: laevus, scaevus, sinister
  2. skillful
  3. fortunate, favorable
  4. proper, fitting

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er; two different stems).

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative dexter dextra
dextera
dextrum
dexterum
dextrī
dexterī
dextrae
dexterae
dextra
dextera
Genitive dextrī
dexterī
dextrae
dexterae
dextrī
dexterī
dextrōrum
dexterōrum
dextrārum
dexterārum
dextrōrum
dexterōrum
Dative dextrō
dexterō
dextrō
dexterō
dextrīs
dexterīs
Accusative dextrum
dexterum
dextram
dexteram
dextrum
dexterum
dextrōs
dexterōs
dextrās
dexterās
dextra
dextera
Ablative dextrō
dexterō
dextrā
dexterā
dextrō
dexterō
dextrīs
dexterīs
Vocative dexter dextra
dextera
dextrum
dexterum
dextrī
dexterī
dextrae
dexterae
dextra
dextera

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Asturian: diestru
  • Catalan: destre
  • Dalmatian: diastro
  • English: dexter (borrowing)
  • French: dextre (borrowing)
  • Friulian: diestri
  • German: Dextrose
  • Ido: dextra
  • Italian: destro

References[edit]

  • dexter in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • dexter in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • dexter in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to give one's hand to some one: manum (dextram) alicui porrigere
    • (ambiguous) to give one's right hand to some one: dextram alicui porrigere, dare
    • (ambiguous) to shake hands with a person: dextram iungere cum aliquo, dextras inter se iungere