dialysis

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Dated in the late 16th century C.E.; from Latin dialysis, from Ancient Greek διάλυσις (diálusis); synchronically, dia- +‎ -lysis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /daɪˈælɪsɪs/
  • Hyphenation: di‧al‧y‧sis
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

dialysis (countable and uncountable, plural dialyses)

  1. (chemistry) A method of separating molecules or particles of different sizes by differential diffusion through a semipermeable membrane.
  2. (medicine) Utilization of this method for removal of waste products from the blood in the case of kidney failure: hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis.
    • 2013 June 1, “A better waterworks”, in The Economist[1], volume 407, number 8838, page 5 (Technology Quarterly):
      An artificial kidney these days still means a refrigerator-sized dialysis machine. Such devices mimic the way real kidneys cleanse blood and eject impurities and surplus water as urine.
  3. (rhetoric) The spelling out of alternatives, or presenting of either-or arguments that lead to a conclusion.
  4. (rhetoric) Asyndeton.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek διάλυσις (diálusis).

Noun[edit]

dialysis f (genitive dialysis or dialyseōs or dialysios); third declension

  1. separation

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (Greek-type, i-stem, i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative dialysis dialysēs
dialyseis
Genitive dialysis
dialyseōs
dialysios
dialysium
Dative dialysī dialysibus
Accusative dialysim
dialysin
dialysem1
dialysēs
dialysīs
Ablative dialysī
dialyse1
dialysibus
Vocative dialysis
dialysi
dialysēs
dialyseis

1Found sometimes in Medieval and New Latin.

References[edit]