differentia

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: différentia

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin differentia.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

differentia (plural differentiae)

  1. (semantics, logic, taxonomy) A distinguishing feature which marks a species off from other members of the same genus.
    • 1902, William James, The Varieties of Religious Experience, Folio Society 2008, p. 38:
      That character, it seems to me, should be regarded as the practically important differentia of religion for our purpose.
    • 1928, E. M. Edghill, Categories, translation of original by Aristotle:
      If genera are different and co-ordinate, their differentiae are themselves different in kind. Take as an instance the genus ‘animal’ and the genus ‘knowledge’. ‘With feet’, ‘two-footed’, ‘winged’, ‘aquatic’, are differentiae of ‘animal’; the species of knowledge are not distinguished by the same differentiae.
    • 2017, Kory Stamper, Word By Word, Vintage 2018, p. 116:
      In the case of a word like “surfboard,” the differentiae seem pretty clear. How is this board different from all other boards?

See also[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

differentia (plural differentias)

  1. difference

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From differō (I am different).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /dif.feˈren.ti.a/, [dɪf.fɛˈrɛn.ti.a]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /dif.feˈren.t͡si.a/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

differentia f (genitive differentiae); first declension

  1. difference
  2. diversity

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative differentia differentiae
Genitive differentiae differentiārum
Dative differentiae differentiīs
Accusative differentiam differentiās
Ablative differentiā differentiīs
Vocative differentia differentiae

Participle[edit]

differentia

  1. nominative neuter plural of differens
  2. accusative neuter plural of differens
  3. vocative neuter plural of differens

References[edit]