digitus

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin digitus.

Noun[edit]

digitus (plural digiti)

  1. An Ancient Roman unit of length, approximately 0.73 inches.

Latin[edit]

digitus manūs (digit of the hand)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *deyǵ- (to show, point out, pronounce solemnly), variant of the root *deyḱ- that also gave Latin dīcō (I say, speak talk) and English toe. Fingers were thus "pointers, indicators". Digit sense comes from the fact that they were used for counting up to ten.

Indo-European cognates include Sanskrit दिशति (diśáti, to show, point out), Ancient Greek δείκνυμι (deíknumi, to show), δίκη (díkē, manner, custom), Old English tǣċan (to show, point out) (English teach) and tācen (English token).

Compare similar semantic shift in English in the cognate word teacher (forefinger, index finger).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

digitus m (genitive digitī); second declension

  1. a finger, toe, digit
  2. a twig

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative digitus digitī
genitive digitī digitōrum
dative digitō digitīs
accusative digitum digitōs
ablative digitō digitīs
vocative digite digitī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • digitus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • digitus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “digitus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • digitus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to touch with the fingertips: extremis digitis aliquid attingere
  • digitus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • digitus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin