digitus

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English[edit]

Noun[edit]

digitus ‎(plural digiti)

  1. An Ancient Roman unit of length, approximately 0.73 inches.

Latin[edit]

digitus manūs (digit of the hand)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *deyǵ- ‎(to show, point out, pronounce solemnly), variant of the root *deyḱ- that also gave Latin dīcō ‎(I say, speak talk) and English toe. Fingers were thus "pointers, indicators". Digit sense comes from the fact that they were used for counting up to ten.

Indo-European cognates include Sanskrit दिशति ‎(diśáti, to show, point out), Ancient Greek δείκνυμι ‎(deíknumi, to show), δίκη ‎(díkē, manner, custom), Old English tǣċan ‎(to show, point out) (English teach) and tācen (English token).

Compare similar semantic shift in English in the cognate word teacher ‎(forefinger, index finger).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

digitus m ‎(genitive digitī); second declension

  1. a finger, toe, digit
  2. a twig

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative digitus digitī
genitive digitī digitōrum
dative digitō digitīs
accusative digitum digitōs
ablative digitō digitīs
vocative digite digitī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]