dolus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin dolus (deceit, trickery); akin to Ancient Greek δόλος (dólos, bait, ruse). Compare dolose, dolosity.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dolus (countable and uncountable, plural doli)

  1. (law) Evil intent: malice or fraud.
    • 1849, James G. Butler, A Summary of the Roman Civil Law:
      Every actual delict presupposes a dolus or culpa, with the concomitant consciousness and prepense

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *dolh₁os. Cognates include Ancient Greek δόλος (dólos)[1].

Noun[edit]

dolus m (genitive dolī); second declension

  1. trickery, deception, deceit, guile
    Synonyms: dēceptiō, perfidia, fraus, maleficium
  2. evil intent; malice; wrongdoing (with a view to the consequences)
  3. device, artifice
Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative dolus dolī
Genitive dolī dolōrum
Dative dolō dolīs
Accusative dolum dolōs
Ablative dolō dolīs
Vocative dole dolī
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably a separate and unrelated term from the above, instead deriving from doleō (to hurt, grieve) and dolor (pain).

Noun[edit]

dolus m (genitive dolī); second declension

  1. (Late Latin, Vulgar Latin) pain, grief
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Balkan Romance:
  • Italo-Romance:
  • Padanian:
  • Northern Gallo-Romance:
  • Southern Gallo-Romance:
  • Ibero-Romance:

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 177

Middle Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

do- +‎ lés (compare solus, from Old Irish solus).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dolus

  1. lightless, obscure

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
dolus dolus
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/, later /ɣ(ʲ)-/
ndolus
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]