drudo

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Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan drut, from Medieval Latin drudus, itself of Germanic origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdru.do/
  • Rhymes: -udo
  • Hyphenation: drù‧do

Noun[edit]

drudo m (plural drudi, feminine druda)

  1. (obsolete, historical, masculine only) vassal
  2. (obsolete, masculine only) defender
    Synonym: difensore
    • 1321, Dante Alighieri, La divina commedia: Paradiso, Le Monnier, published 2002, Canto XII, lines 52–56, page 215–216:
      siede la fortunata Calaroga ¶ sotto la protezion del grande scudo ¶ in che soggiace il leone e soggioga: ¶ dentro vi nacque l'amoroso drudo ¶ de la fede cristiana, il santo atleta ¶ benigno a' suoi e a' nemici crudo
      Is situate the fortunate Calahorra, under protection of the mighty shield in which the Lion subject is and sovereign. Therein was born the amorous defender of Christian Faith, the athlete consecrate, kind to his own and cruel to his foes
  3. (obsolete, masculine only) lover
    Synonyms: amante, amatore
    Antonym: odiatore
    • 13th century, Guido Cavalcanti, “In un boschetto trovai pasturella”, in Rime[1], Nicola Zanichelli, published 1902, lines 11–14:
      Ed ella mi rispose dolcemente ¶ che sola sola per lo bosco gia, ¶ e disse: — sacci, quando l'augel pia, ¶ allor disia 'l mio cor drudo avere. —
      And she replied sweetly that she was going through the woods all alone, and said: "Know that, when birds chirp, then my heart wishes to have a lover
    • c. 1307, Dante Alighieri, “Trattato secondo [Second Treatise]”, in Convivio [The Banquet]‎[2], Florence: Le Monnier, published 1964, section 4:
      O dolcissimi e ineffabili sembianti, e rubatori subitani de la mente umana, che ne le mostrazioni de li occhi de la Filosofia apparite, quando essa con li suoi drudi ragiona!
      O most sweet and ineffable looks, sudden captors of the human mind, who appear in the demonstrations of the eyes of Philosophy when she converses with her lovers!
  4. paramour
    • 1321, Dante Alighieri, La divina commedia: Inferno [The Divine Comedy: Hell] (paperback), 12th edition, Le Monnier, published 1994, Canto XVIII, lines 133–135, page 275:
      Taïde è, la puttana che rispuose ¶ al drudo suo quando disse ‘Ho io grazie ¶ grandi apo te?’: ‘Anzi maravigliose!’.
      Thais the harlot is it, who replied unto her paramour, when he said, 'Have I great gratitude from thee?'--'Nay, marvellous'

Adjective[edit]

drudo (feminine singular druda, masculine plural drudi, feminine plural drude) (obsolete, literary)

  1. loyal, faithful
    Synonyms: fedele, leale
  2. loving
  3. strong, healthy, thriving
    Synonyms: florido, forte

References[edit]

  • drudo in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana