druimm

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Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *drosman, possibly ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *térmn̥ (end, boundary), the source of English tram, Proto-Germanic *þrumą (butt, block).[1] Or, possibly related to Latin dorsum (back, ridge).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

druimm n (genitive drommo, nominative plural drummai)

  1. back
  2. ridge

Inflection[edit]

Neuter i-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative druimmN druimmN drummaeH
Vocative druimmN druimmN drummaeH
Accusative druimmN druimmN drummaeH
Genitive drommoH, drommaH drommoH, drommaH drummaeN
Dative druimmL drummaib drummaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: droim
  • Manx: dreeym
  • Scottish Gaelic: druim

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
druimm druimm
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndruimm
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 3110
  2. ^ MacBain, Alexander; Mackay, Eneas (1911), “druimm”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Stirling, →ISBN, page druimm