dunken

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See also: dünken

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch dunken, from Old Dutch thunken, from Proto-Germanic *þunkijaną.

Verb[edit]

dunken

  1. (impersonal) to think, to consider
  2. (copulative) to seem
Usage notes[edit]

Dunken is one of a few Dutch verbs where the object is the one having an opinion about something, and the subject is the thing it concerns. For example, het dunkt mij goed means 'I think/consider it good'. For this reason it is generally used impersonally.

Inflection[edit]

The past tense forms are archaic and rarely used.

Inflection of dunken (weak with past in -cht)
infinitive dunken
past singular docht
past participle gedocht
infinitive dunken
gerund dunken n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular dunk docht
2nd person sing. (jij) dunkt docht
2nd person sing. (u) dunkt docht
2nd person sing. (gij) dunkt docht
3rd person singular dunkt docht
plural dunken dochten
subjunctive sing.1 dunke dochte
subjunctive plur.1 dunken dochten
imperative sing. dunk
imperative plur.1 dunkt
participles dunkend gedocht
1) Archaic.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English dunk.

Verb[edit]

dunken

  1. (transitive, basketball) to dunk
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of dunken (weak)
infinitive dunken
past singular dunkte
past participle gedunkt
infinitive dunken
gerund dunken n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular dunk dunkte
2nd person sing. (jij) dunkt dunkte
2nd person sing. (u) dunkt dunkte
2nd person sing. (gij) dunkt dunkte
3rd person singular dunkt dunkte
plural dunken dunkten
subjunctive sing.1 dunke dunkte
subjunctive plur.1 dunken dunkten
imperative sing. dunk
imperative plur.1 dunkt
participles dunkend gedunkt
1) Archaic.

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch thunken, from Proto-Germanic *þunkijaną.

Verb[edit]

dunken

  1. to deem, to judge
  2. to seem

Inflection[edit]

Weak
Infinitive dunken
3rd sg. past
3rd pl. past
Past participle
Infinitive dunken
In genitive dunkens
In dative dunkene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular dunke
2nd singular duncs, dunkes
3rd singular dunct, dunket
1st plural dunken
2nd plural dunct, dunket
3rd plural dunken
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular dunke
2nd singular duncs, dunkes
3rd singular dunke
1st plural dunken
2nd plural dunct, dunket
3rd plural dunken
Imperative Present
Singular dunc, dunke
Plural dunct, dunket
Present Past
Participle dunkende

Alternative forms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • dunken (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • dunken (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

dunken m

  1. singular definite of dunk