dwingen

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Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch dwingen, from Old Dutch *thwingan, from Proto-Germanic *þwinganą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dwingen

  1. (transitive) to force, coerce (someone)
  2. (transitive) to constrain, enforce, cause inevitably
  3. (transitive) to insist forcefully

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of dwingen (strong class 3)
infinitive dwingen
past singular dwong
past participle gedwongen
infinitive dwingen
gerund dwingen n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular dwing dwong
2nd person sing. (jij) dwingt dwong
2nd person sing. (u) dwingt dwong
2nd person sing. (gij) dwingt dwongt
3rd person singular dwingt dwong
plural dwingen dwongen
subjunctive sing.1 dwinge dwonge
subjunctive plur.1 dwingen dwongen
imperative sing. dwing
imperative plur.1 dwingt
participles dwingend gedwongen
1) Archaic.

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German dwingen, from Old Saxon *thwingan, from Proto-Germanic *þwinganą.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdvɪŋən/, [ˈdʋɪŋən], [ˈdʋɪŋŋ̩]

Verb[edit]

dwingen (third-person singular simple present dwingt, past tense dwung, past participle dwungen, auxiliary verb hebben)

  1. (transitive or reflexive) to force; to compel; to make (someone do something)
  2. (intransitive, with "to ...") to necessitate; to call for

Conjugation[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch *thwingan, from Proto-Germanic *þwinganą.

Verb[edit]

dwingen

  1. to press tight, to squeeze, to pinch
  2. to hurt, to torment
  3. to pressure (mentally)
  4. to subdue, to impose one's will on, to have under one's control
  5. to force, to compel

Inflection[edit]

Strong class 3
Infinitive dwingen
3rd sg. past dwanc
3rd pl. past dwongen
Past participle gedwongen
Infinitive dwingen
In genitive dwingens
In dative dwingene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular dwinge dwanc
2nd singular dwincs, dwinges dwoncs, dwonges
3rd singular dwinct, dwinget dwanc
1st plural dwingen dwongen
2nd plural dwinct, dwinget dwonct, dwonget
3rd plural dwingen dwongen
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular dwinge dwonge
2nd singular dwincs, dwinges dwonges
3rd singular dwinge dwonge
1st plural dwingen dwongen
2nd plural dwinct, dwinget dwonget
3rd plural dwingen dwongen
Imperative Present
Singular dwinc, dwinge
Plural dwinct, dwinget
Present Past
Participle dwingende gedwongen

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • dwinghen”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • dwingen”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929