dzeltens

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See also: dzeltēns

Latvian[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived ( +‎ -ens) from an old adjective dzelts ‎(yellow), found in old folk songs, and still in some dialects, but not in the standard language anymore (possibly due to homophony with dzelts ‎(stung, pricked)). It was the past participle of *dzelt, from Proto-Baltic *gel-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- ‎(to shine) (whence also zelts ‎(gold) and other color terms: compare zils ‎(blue), zaļš ‎(green)). Cognates include Lithuanian geltónas, Old Prussian gelatynan (probably a mistranscribed geltaynan; neut. pl.?), Proto-Slavic *žьltъ (< *gilt-) (Russian жёлтый ‎(žóltyj), Belarusian жоўты ‎(žóŭty), Ukrainian жовтий ‎(žóvtyj), Bulgarian жълт ‎(žǎlt), Czech žlutý, Polish żołty).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

Dzeltens

dzeltens (def. dzeltenais, comp. dzeltenāks, sup. visdzeltenākais; adv. dzelteni)

  1. yellow (having the color of, e.g., gold, or of the dandelion flower)
    tumši, gaiši, koši dzeltens — dark, light, bright yellow
    dzeltens ziedsyellow flower
    dzeltens taurenisyellow butterfly
    dzeltena krāsa, gaismayellow color, light
    dzeltens papīrsyellow paper
  2. yellow (the color of old leaves)
    parkā rudens vējš dzenā dzeltenas, sakaltušas lapas — in the park, the autumn wind drives the yellow, dried leaves away
  3. yellow (without color, pale and unhealthy)
    dzeltens kā vasksyellow as wax (i.e., very unhealthy)
  4. yellow (having a slightly darker skin color)
    dzeltenā rase — the yellow race
    ūdeņraža bumba nepazīst izņēmumu; tai ir vienādi visi: baltie, dzeltenie un melnie — the hydrogen bomb knows no exceptions; to it, all people are the same: white, yellow, or black

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]
Colors in Latvian · krāsas (layout · text)
     sarkans, sārts      violets      dzeltens      zaļš      ?      zils      ?
     {{{crimson}}}      ?      ?      ?      ?      ?      ?
     brūns      rozā      oranžs      melns      pelēks      balts

References[edit]

  1. ^ “dzeltens” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7