dzeltens

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See also: dzeltēns

Latvian[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived ( +‎ -ens) from an old adjective dzelts (yellow), found in old folk songs, and still in some dialects, but not in the standard language anymore (possibly due to homophony with dzelts (stung, pricked)). It was the past participle of *dzelt, from Proto-Baltic *gel-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰel- (to shine) (whence also zelts (gold) and other color terms: cf. zils (blue), zaļš (green)). Cognates include Lithuanian geltónas, Old Prussian gelatynan (probably a mistranscribed geltaynan; neut. pl.?), Proto-Slavic *žьltъ (< *gilt-) (Russian жёлтый (žóltyj), Belarusian жоўты (žóŭty), Ukrainian жовтий (žóvtyj), Bulgarian жълт (žǎlt), Czech žlutý, Polish żołty).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

Dzeltens

dzeltens (definite dzeltenais, comparative dzeltenāks, superlative visdzeltenākais, adverb dzelteni)

  1. yellow (having the color of, e.g., gold, or of the dandelion flower)
    tumši, gaiši, koši dzeltens — dark, light, bright yellow
    dzeltens ziedsyellow flower
    dzeltens taurenisyellow butterfly
    dzeltena krāsa, gaismayellow color, light
    dzeltens papīrsyellow paper
  2. yellow (the color of old leaves)
    parkā rudens vējš dzenā dzeltenas, sakaltušas lapas — in the park, the autumn wind drives the yellow, dried leaves away
  3. yellow (without color, pale and unhealthy)
    dzeltens kā vasksyellow as wax (i.e., very unhealthy)
  4. yellow (having a slightly darker skin color)
    dzeltenā rase — the yellow race
    ūdeņraža bumba nepazīst izņēmumu; tai ir vienādi visi: baltie, dzeltenie un melnie — the hydrogen bomb knows no exceptions; to it, all people are the same: white, yellow, or black

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]
balts
brūns
dzeltens
melns
oranžs
pelēks
rozā
sarkans
sārts
violets
zaļš
zils

References[edit]

  1. ^ “dzeltens” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.