- (weak vowel distinction) IPA(key): /ɪˈfɛktɪv/
Audio (US) (file)
- (weak vowel merger) IPA(key): /əˈfɛktɪv/
- Homophone: affective (weak vowel merger)
- Rhymes: -ɛktɪv
- Having the power to produce a required effect or effects.
- Synonym: efficacious
- The pill is an effective method of birth control.
- Producing a decided or decisive effect.
- The president delivered an effective speech!
- Efficient, serviceable, or operative, available for useful work.
- Antonym: nominal
- How long does it take to make a bunch of civilians an effective military force?
- My effective income after taxes and child support is $500 a month.
- The effective radiated power is determined by multiplying the transmitter power output with the antenna gain.
- The effective voltage of an alternating current is 0.7 times its peak voltage.
- Actually in effect.
- The curfew is effective at midnight.
- (geometry, of a cycle or divisor) Having no negative coefficients.
- (physics, for any effective theory) approximate; Not describing the fundamental dynamic changes in some system as they happen.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary from 1913 still lists efficient and effective as synonyms, but all major dictionaries now show that these words now only have different meanings in careful use. Use of both for the other meaning is however widespread enough that Longman's Exam Dictionary, for example, finds it necessary to proscribe the use of one for the other with several examples at each entry and provides the following summary:
- efficient = working quickly and without waste
- effective = having the desired effect
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
effective (plural effectives)
- (military) a soldier fit for duty
- 1876, Dabney Herndon Maury, Southern Historical Society Papers: Volume 2, Number 4, Recollections of the Elkhorn Campaign:
- The Army of the West reached Corinth sometime after the battle of Shiloh. We were 15,000 effectives, and brought Beauregard's effective force up to 45,000 men.