egg

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Egg and EGG

English[edit]

Chicken eggs in a nest
An egg being fried as food
An Easter egg made of chocolate and caramel

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: ĕg, IPA(key): /ɛɡ/
  • (also) enPR: āg, IPA(key): /eɪɡ/ (some Canadian and US accents)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛɡ

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English egge, from Old Norse egg (egg), from Proto-Germanic *ajją (egg) (by Holtzmann's law), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm (egg). Cognate with Icelandic egg (egg), Faroese egg (egg), Norwegian egg (egg), Swedish ägg (egg), Danish æg (egg).

The native English ey (plural eyren), akin to Dutch ei (plural eieren) and German Ei (plural Eier) are ultimately from the same Proto-Germanic root, survived into the 16th century before being fully displaced by egg. More at ey. Doublet of ovum.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

egg (plural eggs)

  1. (zoology, countable) An approximately spherical or ellipsoidal body produced by birds, reptiles, insects and other animals, housing the embryo during its development.
  2. (countable, uncountable) The egg of a domestic fowl (especially a hen) or its contents, used as food.
    I also determine the minimal amount of egg required to make good mayonnaise.
    We made a big omelette with three eggs.
    The farmer offered me some fresh eggs, but I told him I was allergic to egg.
  3. (biology, countable) The female primary cell, the ovum.
    • 1981, William Irwin Thompson, The Time Falling Bodies Take to Light: Mythology, Sexuality and the Origins of Culture, London: Rider/Hutchinson & Co., page 80:
      In the Fall into the division of labor, Levi-Strauss sees the great hunters trading women to create the exogamous bonds of one hunting band with another. The egg is, but the sperm does. The tiny sperm may be furious in its activity, but its highway to the egg is paved by the alkaline trail set down by the Great Mother.
    • 2013 May-June, Katrina G. Claw, “Rapid Evolution in Eggs and Sperm”, in American Scientist[1], volume 101, number 3:
      Many genes with reproductive roles also have antibacterial and immune functions, which indicate that the threat of microbial attack on the sperm or egg may be a major influence on rapid evolution during reproduction.
  4. Anything shaped like an egg, such as an Easter egg or a chocolate egg.
  5. A swelling on one's head, usually large or noticeable, associated with an injury.
  6. (derogatory, ethnic slur, uncommon) A white person considered to be overly infatuated with East Asia.
  7. (New Zealand, derogatory) A foolish or obnoxious person.
    Shut up, you egg!
  8. (archaic, derogatory) A young person.
  9. (informal) A person, fellow.
    • 1932, Delos W. Lovelace, King Kong, published 1965, page 31:
      ‘Some big, hard-boiled egg meets up with a pretty face, and bingo! He cracks up and melts.’
    • 1980, Stephen King, The Wedding Gig:
      Up close he looked like a pretty tough egg. His hair was bristling up in the back in spite of what smelled like a whole bottle of Wildroot Creme Oil and he had the flat, oddly shiny eyes that some deep-sea fish have.
    good egg; bad egg; tough egg
  10. (LGBT, slang) A person who is regarded as having not yet realized they are transgender, has not yet come out, or is in the early stages of transitioning.
    • 2018, Casey Plett, Little Fish, →ISBN, page 24:
      That fits, though, she thought. Wear the same outfit day after day, your brain gets numb to how it looks or feels—Wendy shut the album. No. [] She hated analyzing the whys of [not-out] trans girls. She had always hated it, and she hated how easy it had become; the bottomless hole of egg mode.
  11. (computing) One of the blocks of data injected into a program's address space for use by certain forms of shellcode, such as "omelettes".
    • 2015, Herbert Bos, Fabian Monrose, Gregory Blanc, Research in Attacks, Intrusions, and Defenses: 18th International Symposium:
      This approach would be altered for an optimal omelette based exploit. One would spray the heap with the omelette code solely, then load a single copy of the additional shellcode eggs into memory outside the target region for the spray.
  12. (Internet slang, derogatory, dated) A user of the microblogging service Twitter who has the default avatar rather than a custom picture (previously an egg); a noob.
Synonyms[edit]
Hyponyms[edit]
Hypernyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Jamaican Creole: eg
  • Sranan Tongo: eksi
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

egg (third-person singular simple present eggs, present participle egging, simple past and past participle egged)

  1. To throw eggs (the food item) at.
    The angry demonstrators egged the riot police.
  2. (cooking) To dip in or coat with beaten egg (the food item).
  3. To distort a circular cross-section (as in a tube) to an elliptical or oval shape, either inadvertently or intentionally.
    After I cut the tubing, I found that I had slightly egged it in the vise.
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English eggen, from Old Norse eggja (to incite), from egg (edge).

Verb[edit]

egg (third-person singular simple present eggs, present participle egging, simple past and past participle egged)

  1. (transitive, obsolete except in egg on) To encourage, incite.
    • 14th c., William Langland, Piers Plowman[2], Passus 1:
      Þerinne wonieth a wiȝte · þat wronge is yhote
      Fader of falshed · and founded it hym-selue
      Adam and Eue · he egged to ille
      Conseilled caym · to kullen his brother
      Therein woneth a wight that Wrong is y-hote,
      Father of falsehood — and founded it himself.
      Adam and Eve he egged to ill,
      Counselled Cain to kill his brother
    • 1571, Arthur Golding, “Epistle Dedicatorie”, in The Psalmes of David and others. With M. John Calvins Commentaries[3]:
      [] yit have wee one thing in our selves and of our selves (even originall sinne, concupiscence or lust) which never ceaseth too egge us and allure us from God []
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.svg egg on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Wikipedia-logo.svg egging on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • (transgender): Morgan Lev Edward Holleb (2019) The A-Z of Gender and Sexuality: From Ace to Ze, page 98

Anagrams[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse egg, from Proto-Germanic *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm.

Noun[edit]

egg n (genitive singular egs, plural egg)

  1. egg
Declension[edit]
n23 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative egg eggið egg eggini
Accusative egg eggið egg eggini
Dative eggi egginum egg(j)um egg(j)unum
Genitive egs egsins eggja eggjanna
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the Old Norse egg, from Proto-Germanic *agjō, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱ- (sharp, pointed).

Noun[edit]

egg f (genitive singular eggjar, plural eggjar)

  1. blade, edge
  2. border, edge of a cliff
Declension[edit]
f8 Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative egg eggin eggjar eggjarnar
Accusative egg eggina eggjar eggjarnar
Dative egg eggini eggjum eggjunum
Genitive eggjar eggjarinnar eggja eggjanna

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

egg

  1. singular imperative of eggen
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of eggen

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse egg, from Proto-Germanic *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm. Cognate with Old English ǣġ (obsolete English ey); Swedish ägg; Old High German ei (German Ei).

Noun[edit]

egg n (genitive singular eggs, nominative plural egg)

  1. (zoology) an egg
  2. an oval shaped object
  3. the ovum
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse egg, from Proto-Germanic *agjō, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱ- (sharp, pointed).

Cognates include Old Frisian egg, Old Saxon eggia, Dutch egge; Old English ecg (English edge); Old High German egga (German Ecke); Swedish egg.

The Indo-European root is also the source of Latin aciēs (edge, sharpness), Ancient Greek ἀκίς (akís, point).

Noun[edit]

egg f (genitive singular eggjar, nominative plural eggjar)

  1. (weaponry) the sharp edge of a knife, sword, or similar
  2. a sharp edge on a mountain
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

egg

  1. Alternative form of egge (egg)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse egg n (egg), from Proto-Germanic *ajją (egg), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm (egg), likely from *h₂éwis (bird), possibly from *h₂ew- (to enjoy, consume).

Cognate with English egg (egg), Icelandic egg (egg), Faroese egg (egg), Swedish ägg (egg), Danish æg (egg).

Noun[edit]

egg n (definite singular egget, indefinite plural egg, definite plural egga or eggene)

  1. an egg
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse egg f

Noun[edit]

egg f or m (definite singular egga or eggen, indefinite plural egger, definite plural eggene)

  1. (cutting) edge (e.g. of a knife)
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse egg n, from Proto-Germanic *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm. Akin to English egg.

Noun[edit]

egg n (definite singular egget, indefinite plural egg, definite plural egga)

  1. an egg
Inflection[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse egg f, from Proto-Germanic *agjō f (edge, corner), and ultimately from the Proto-Indo-European root *h₂eḱ-. Cognates include English edge and German Ecke.

Noun[edit]

egg f or m (definite singular eggen or egga, indefinite plural eggar or egger, definite plural eggane or eggene)

  1. an edge (the thin cutting side of the blade of an instrument, such as an ax, knife, sword, or scythe)
  2. (geology) an arête
Inflection[edit]

References[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ajją, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ōwyóm.

Noun[edit]

egg n (genitive eggs, plural egg)

  1. egg
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *agjō. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱ- (sharp).

Noun[edit]

egg f (genitive eggjar, plural eggjar)

  1. edge (of a blade)
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Icelandic: egg
  • Faroese: egg
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: egg m or f
  • Norwegian Bokmål: egg m or f
  • Dalian: egg
  • Westrobothnian: aigg
  • Old Swedish: eg
  • Danish: æg

References[edit]

  • Zoëga, Geir T. (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic[4], Oxford: Clarendon Press

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse egg, from Proto-Germanic *agjō, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱ- (sharp, pointed).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

egg c

  1. The sharp edge of a cutting tool.

Declension[edit]

Declension of egg 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative egg eggen eggar eggarna
Genitive eggs eggens eggars eggarnas

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Westrobothnian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse egg, from Proto-Germanic *ajją. Compare with Swedish ägg.

Noun[edit]

egg n (definite singular eggj’eð, defininte plural egg’a)

  1. Egg.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse egg from Proto-Germanic *agjō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

egg n (definite singular eggj’eð, defininte plural egg’a)

  1. The sharp edge of a cutting tool.
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Lindgren, J. V., 1940, “'*agg etc.”, in Orbok över Burträskmålet, page 36 and 163
  • Marklund, Thorsten, 1986, Skelleftemålet: grammatik och ordlista : för lekmän - av lekman [The Skellefteå speech: grammar and vocabulary: for laymen - by a layman], →ISBN, page 72