From Middle English elde, from Old English ieldu, eldo, ieldo (“age, period of time; period; time of life, years; mature or old age, eld; an age of the world, era, epoch”), from Proto-West Germanic *aldī, from Proto-Germanic *alþį̄ (“eld, age”), from *aldaz (“grown up, mature, old”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eltós, from *h₂el- (“to raise, feed”).
Cognate with Scots eild (“age”), North Frisian jelde (“age”), German Älte (“age”), Danish ælde (“eld, age”), Icelandic elli (“eld, age”). Related also to Gothic 𐌰𐌻𐌳𐍃 (alds, “generation, age”), Old English alan (“to grow up, nourish”). More at old.
- (rare or dialectal) One's age, age in years, period of life.
- 1868, John Eadie, A Biblical Cyclopædia:
- The experience of many years gave old men peculiar qualification for various offices; and elders, or men of a ripe or advanced eld or age, were variously employed under the Mosaic law.
- 1913, Paulist Fathers, Catholic World:
- Promptly appeared a paragon, aged twenty-five or thereabouts, and exhibiting all the steadiness and serenity of advanced eld.
- (archaic or poetic) Old age, senility; an old person.
- 1904, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, The Sun's Shame, verse 2, lines 1–3:
- As some true chief of men, bowed down with stress
Of life's disastrous eld, on blossoming youth
May gaze, and murmur with self-pity and ruth […]
- 1912, Herbert Van Allen Ferguson, Rhymes of Eld:
- The withered limbs of eld, the thin, gray hair […]
- (archaic or poetic) Time; an age, an indefinitely long period of time.
- Synonyms: see Thesaurus:eon
- (archaic or poetic) Former ages, antiquity, olden times.
- 1891, Mary Noailles Murfree, In the "Stranger People's" Country, Nebraska, published 2005, page 38:
- Once adown the dewy way a youthful cavalier spurred with a maiden mounted behind him, swiftly passing out of sight, recalling to the imagination some romance of eld, when the damosel fled with her lover.
- (intransitive, archaic, poetic or dialectal) To age, become or grow old.
- (intransitive, archaic or poetic) To delay; linger.
- (transitive, archaic or poetic) To make old, age.
- (to age): elden; see also Thesaurus:to age
- (to linger): abide; see also Thesaurus:tarry or Thesaurus:procrastinate
- (to make old): mature; see also Thesaurus:make older
- 1906, The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia, "eld".
- imperative of
- Mange kulturar har mytar om korleis dei vart herre over elden.
- Many cultures have myths about how they mastered fire.
- fire (firing bullets or other projectiles)
- Fienden opna eld.
- The enemy opened fire.
Eld is mainly used about the abstract concept of fire. The accidental occurrence of fire, such as a fire in a building, is brann.
- “eld” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
- (uncountable) fire, a continued chemical exothermic reaction where a gaseous material reacts, and which creates enough heat to evaporate more combustible material
- 1999, Ken Ring, Jojje Wadenius (lyrics and music), “Eld och djupa vatten [Fire and deep waters]”, in Vägen tillbaka [The way back]:
- Men, ska jag säga: Akta dig för eld och djupa vatten. Men, ska jag säga: Spring aldrig, aldrig bort från mig.
- But, I will [shall] say: Beware of fire and deep waters. But, I will say: Never ever run away from me.
- something set up as to burn, such as a campfire or a bonfire
- (uncountable, alchemy) fire; one of the classical, or basic, elements
- (uncountable) fire; the in-flight projectiles from a gun or similar
|Declension of eld|
- ((case of) accidental, uncontrolled fire): brand
- eld och lågor (adjective)
- ingen rök utan eld