Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



From Middle English enjoinen, from Old French enjoindre (to join with), from Latin iniungo (to attach), a compound of in- (into” “upon) and iungo.


  • IPA(key): /ɛnˈdʒɔɪn/, /ɪnˈdʒɔɪn/, /ənˈdʒɔɪn/
  • Rhymes: -ɔɪn
Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)


enjoin (third-person singular simple present enjoins, present participle enjoining, simple past and past participle enjoined)

  1. (transitive, chiefly literary) To lay upon, as an order or command; to give an injunction to; to direct with authority; to order; to charge.
    • 1596, William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act II, Scene 9 [1]
      I am enjoin'd by oath to observe three things:
    • 1611, King James Bible - Esther 9:31, [2]
      to confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them []
    • 1934, George Orwell, chapter 14, in Burmese Days[3]:
      At some landmark in the jungle the beater halted, pointed to the ground as a sign that this spot would do, and put his finger on his lips to enjoin silence.
  2. (transitive, law) To prohibit or restrain by a judicial order or decree; to put an injunction on.
    • 1989, Western Oregon Program—Management of Competing Vegetation: Proposed Record of Decision, U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Chapter 1, p. 9, [4]
      In 1983, BLM was enjoined by court order from using any herbicides in its Medford, Oregon District. Subsequent court action in 1984 enjoined BLM from the use of herbicides throughout Oregon and the U.S. Forest Service was similarly enjoined throughout Region 6 (Pacific Northwest).
    • (Can we date this quote by Kent and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      This is a suit to enjoin the defendants from disturbing the plaintiffs.

Related terms[edit]