enjoin

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French enjoindre ‎(to join with), from Latin iniungo ‎(to attach), a compound of in- ‎(into” “upon) and iungo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

enjoin ‎(third-person singular simple present enjoins, present participle enjoining, simple past and past participle enjoined)

  1. (transitive, chiefly literary) To lay upon, as an order or command; to give an injunction to; to direct with authority; to order; to charge.
    • 1596, William Shakespeare, The Merchant of Venice, Act II, Scene 9 [1]
      I am enjoin'd by oath to observe three things:
    • 1611, King James Bible - Esther 9:31, [2]
      to confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them []
    • 1934, George Orwell, Burmese Days, Chapter 14, [3]
      At some landmark in the jungle the beater halted, pointed to the ground as a sign that this spot would do, and put his finger on his lips to enjoin silence.
  2. (transitive, law) To prohibit or restrain by a judicial order or decree; to put an injunction on.
    • 1989, Western Oregon Program—Management of Competing Vegetation: Proposed Record of Decision, U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management, Chapter 1, p. 9, [4]
      In 1983, BLM was enjoined by court order from using any herbicides in its Medford, Oregon District. Subsequent court action in 1984 enjoined BLM from the use of herbicides throughout Oregon and the U.S. Forest Service was similarly enjoined throughout Region 6 (Pacific Northwest).
    • Kent
      This is a suit to enjoin the defendants from disturbing the plaintiffs.

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