ensis

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See also: Ensis and -ensis

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *n̥sis. Cognate with Ancient Greek ἄσις (ásis, slime, mud), Sanskrit असित (ásita, dark, black), असि (asi, sword).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ēnsis m (genitive ēnsis); third declension

  1. sword
    Ensem lateri accommodare.
    To adjust his sword by his side.
    Petere aliquem ense.
    To attack someone with a sword.
  2. (figuratively) war
    lateque vagatur ensis
  3. (figuratively) defender
    Marcello Romanorum ensi
  4. (figuratively) royal sway
  5. The constellation Orion.

Inflection[edit]

Third declension, alternative ablative singular in and accusative plural in -īs.

Case Singular Plural
nominative ēnsis ēnsēs
genitive ēnsis ēnsium
dative ēnsī ēnsibus
accusative ēnsem ēnsēs
ēnsīs
ablative ēnse
ēnsī
ēnsibus
vocative ēnsis ēnsēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ensis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ensis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “ensis”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • ensis” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • ensis in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ensis in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin