episcopus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἐπίσκοπος (epískopos, overseer), from ἐπί (epí, over) + σκοπός (skopós, watcher, lookout, guardian).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

episcopus m (genitive episcopī); second declension

  1. (Late Latin) an overseer, supervisor, bishop in a Christian church who governs a diocese
  2. (Medieval Latin, chess, uncommon) a bishop
    • Middle Ages, by an unknown author called Pseudo-Ovidius (in older works sometimes said to be attributed to a person named Pamphilius Mauritianus), poem de vetula. In: Mittellateinische Studien und Texte. Band II: Pseudo-Ovidus de vetula, edited by Karl Langosch, 1967, p. 216: [1][2]
      Sex species saltus exercent sex quoque scaci,
      miles et alphinus, roccus, rex, virgo pedesque.
      [...]
      Campos, signa, modos, saliendi, scito, planetas:
      Rex est Sol, pedes est Saturnus, Mars quoque miles,
      regia virgo Venus, alphinus episcopus ipse est
      Iupiter, et roccus discurrens Luna.

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative episcopus episcopī
genitive episcopī episcopōrum
dative episcopō episcopīs
accusative episcopum episcopōs
ablative episcopō episcopīs
vocative episcope episcopī

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (chess): alphinus (in older times, for older chess)

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Latin · latrunculi, milites scaccorum (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
rex regina turris episcopus eques pedes

References[edit]

  1. ^ A. van der Linde, Der Roch. Zur wissenschaftlichen Entscheidung einer heraldischen Streitfrage, in: Vierteljahrsschrift für Heraldik, Sphragistik und Genealogie. I. Jahrgang, Berlin, 1873, p. 250: "Ein unbekannter lateinischer Dichter des Mittelalters hat die Schachfiguren sogar astronomisch gedeutet: [cite] Das Gedicht ist dem Ovid beigelegt worden!"
  2. ^ H. F. Maßmann, Geschichte des mittelalterlichen, vorzugsweise des Deutschen Schachspieles, 1838, p. 41: "Das dem Pamphilius Mauritianus zugeschriebene lat. Gedicht (De Vetula) hat noch beide Ausdrücke Alphinus und Episcopus vereint 90)." and "90) [cite] – In Fabricii Bibliotheca Med. et. Inf. Lat. v. 356; gedruckt durch Goldast. 1610. 8."