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Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Vulgar Latin *exmovēre, from Latin ēmovēre, present active infinitive of ēmoveō.



  1. (transitive) to move (cause to move)
    • 1377, Bernard de Gordon, Fleur de lis de medecine (a.k.a. lilium medicine):
      Item tu dois scavoir que les humeurs s’esmeuvent en diverses heures pour cause de la racine de hault et de bas.
      Also you must know that the humors moves at various times because of the root from the top [of the body] to the bottom
  2. (transitive) to move (cause emotion)


This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. This verb has a stressed present stem esmuev distinct from the unstressed stem esmov, as well as other irregularities. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Related terms[edit]