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From ex- +‎ colō.



excolō (present infinitive excolere, perfect active excoluī, supine excultum); third conjugation

  1. I tend or cultivate
  2. I improve or perfect
  3. I honour


   Conjugation of excolo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excolō excolis excolit excolimus excolitis excolunt
imperfect excolēbam excolēbās excolēbat excolēbāmus excolēbātis excolēbant
future excolam excolēs excolet excolēmus excolētis excolent
perfect excoluī excoluistī excoluit excoluimus excoluistis excoluērunt, excoluēre
pluperfect excolueram excoluerās excoluerat excoluerāmus excoluerātis excoluerant
future perfect excoluerō excolueris excoluerit excoluerimus excolueritis excoluerint
passive present excolor excoleris, excolere excolitur excolimur excoliminī excoluntur
imperfect excolēbar excolēbāris, excolēbāre excolēbātur excolēbāmur excolēbāminī excolēbantur
future excolar excolēris, excolēre excolētur excolēmur excolēminī excolentur
perfect excultus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect excultus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect excultus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excolam excolās excolat excolāmus excolātis excolant
imperfect excolerem excolerēs excoleret excolerēmus excolerētis excolerent
perfect excoluerim excoluerīs excoluerit excoluerīmus excoluerītis excoluerint
pluperfect excoluissem excoluissēs excoluisset excoluissēmus excoluissētis excoluissent
passive present excolar excolāris, excolāre excolātur excolāmur excolāminī excolantur
imperfect excolerer excolerēris, excolerēre excolerētur excolerēmur excolerēminī excolerentur
perfect excultus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect excultus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present excole excolite
future excolitō excolitō excolitōte excoluntō
passive present excolere excoliminī
future excolitor excolitor excoluntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives excolere excoluisse excultūrus esse excolī excultus esse excultum īrī
participles excolēns excultūrus excultus excolendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
excolere excolendī excolendō excolendum excultum excultū