excrescence

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Middle English, early 15th century, in sense “(action of) growing out (of something else)”. From Latin excrescentia ‎(abnormal growths), from excrescentem, from excrēscere, from ex- ‎(out) (English ex-) + crēscere ‎(to grow) (English crescent). Sense of “abnormal growth” from 1570s, from earlier excrescency (1540s in this sense).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɛkˈskɹɛsəns/, /ɪkˈskɹɛsəns/
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Noun[edit]

excrescence ‎(plural excrescences)

  1. something, usually abnormal, which grows out of something else
    • 1847, Charlotte Brontë, Jane Eyre, Chapter 7, [1]
      I have again and again intimated that I desire the hair to be arranged closely, modestly, plainly. Miss Temple, that girl’s hair must be cut off entirely; I will send a barber to-morrow: and I see others who have far too much of the excrescence—that tall girl, tell her to turn round.
    • 1903, Jack London, The Call of the Wild, Chapter 7, [2]
      The squirrels were in hiding. One only he saw,—a sleek gray fellow, flattened against a gray dead limb so that he seemed a part of it, a woody excrescence upon the wood itself.
    • 1933, George Orwell, Down and Out in Paris and London, Chapter 31, [3]
      It is taken for granted that a beggar does not 'earn' his living, as a bricklayer or a literary critic 'earns' his. He is a mere social excrescence, tolerated because we live in a humane age, but essentially despicable.
  2. a disfiguring or unwanted mark or adjunct
  3. (phonetics) epenthesis of a consonant, e.g., warmth as [ˈwɔrmpθ] (adding a [p] between [m] and [θ]), or -t (Etymology 2).

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References[edit]

  1. ^ excrescence” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).