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See also: existimó


Alternative forms[edit]


From ex- +‎ aestimō.



existimō (present infinitive existimāre, perfect active existimāvī, supine existimātum); first conjugation

  1. I think or suppose
  2. I estimate, judge or consider


   Conjugation of existimō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present existimō existimās existimat existimāmus existimātis existimant
imperfect existimābam existimābās existimābat existimābāmus existimābātis existimābant
future existimābō existimābis existimābit existimābimus existimābitis existimābunt
perfect existimāvī existimāvistī, existimāstī1 existimāvit existimāvimus existimāvistis, existimāstis1 existimāvērunt, existimāvēre
pluperfect existimāveram existimāverās existimāverat existimāverāmus existimāverātis existimāverant
future perfect existimāverō existimāveris existimāverit existimāverimus existimāveritis existimāverint
passive present existimor existimāris, existimāre existimātur existimāmur existimāminī existimantur
imperfect existimābar existimābāris, existimābāre existimābātur existimābāmur existimābāminī existimābantur
future existimābor existimāberis, existimābere existimābitur existimābimur existimābiminī existimābuntur
perfect existimātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect existimātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect existimātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present existimem existimēs existimet existimēmus existimētis existiment
imperfect existimārem existimārēs existimāret existimārēmus existimārētis existimārent
perfect existimāverim existimāverīs existimāverit existimāverīmus existimāverītis existimāverint
pluperfect existimāvissem, existimāssem1 existimāvissēs, existimāssēs1 existimāvisset, existimāsset1 existimāvissēmus, existimāssēmus1 existimāvissētis, existimāssētis1 existimāvissent, existimāssent1
passive present existimer existimēris, existimēre existimētur existimēmur existimēminī existimentur
imperfect existimārer existimārēris, existimārēre existimārētur existimārēmur existimārēminī existimārentur
perfect existimātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect existimātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present existimā existimāte
future existimātō existimātō existimātōte existimantō
passive present existimāre existimāminī
future existimātor existimātor existimantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives existimāre existimāvisse, existimāsse1 existimātūrum esse existimārī existimātum esse existimātum īrī
participles existimāns existimātūrus existimātus existimandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
existimandī existimandō existimandum existimandō existimātum existimātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.


  • existimo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • existimo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • existimo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • that is exactly what I think: ita prorsus existimo
    • (ambiguous) a (competent, intelligent, subtle) critic: existimator (doctus, intellegens, acerrimus)




  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of existimar.