extern

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛk.ˌstɜː(ɹ)n/

Etymology 1[edit]

French externe, from Latin externus.

Noun[edit]

extern (plural externs)

  1. A person affiliated with an institution in a lesser capacity, for example, as a non-resident or as a part-time affiliate.
    1. A day-scholar.
  2. Outward form or part; exterior.

Adjective[edit]

extern

  1. (obsolete, rare) External; outward; not inherent
    • 1603, William Shakespeare, Othello, Penguin Books, published 2001, Act 1, Scene 1:
      Heaven is my judge, not I for love and duty,/ But seeming so, for my particular end,/For when my outward action doth demonstrate/The native act and figure of my heart/In complement extern, 'tis not long after/But I will wear my heart upon my sleeve/For daws to peck at.

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Short for external; used as a keyword in these programming languages.

Noun[edit]

extern (plural externs)

  1. (programming) In the C and C++ programming languages, a variable that can be separately declared in many places, all of them referring to the same variable.
    • 1995, Martin L. Rinehart, Learn C++ Today! (page 552)
      Finally, get rid of the two function declarations and two externs that we added at the top of TEFIL.CPP so that we could support file_open().
    • 2018, Brian Beuken, The Fundamentals of C/C++ Game Programming
      This is probably the big thing with C++, the more you can avoid global concepts and nasty externs the better, an object/class should be totally self-contained.

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin externus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

extern (feminine externa, masculine plural externs, feminine plural externes)

  1. external
    Antonym: intern
  2. inessential
    Synonym: inessencial
    Antonyms: intern, essencial
  3. (education) off-campus (pertaining to a student who is at a school only during classes)
    Antonym: intern
  4. (geology) Pertaining to foreland, the zone where material eroded from a mountain chain is deposited.

Derived terms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

  • (external): aliè (external to a social group)

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

extern m (plural externs, feminine externa)

  1. (education) off-campus student
    Antonym: intern

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛrn

Adjective[edit]

extern (not comparable)

  1. external
  2. exterior

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of extern
uninflected extern
inflected externe
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial extern
indefinite m./f. sing. externe
n. sing. extern
plural externe
definite externe
partitive externs

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

extern (not comparable)

  1. external

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French externe, from Latin externus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

extern m or n (feminine singular externă, masculine plural externi, feminine and neuter plural externe)

  1. external
    Antonym: intern

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

extern

  1. external

Declension[edit]

Inflection of extern
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular extern mer extern mest extern
Neuter singular externt mer externt mest externt
Plural externa mer externa mest externa
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 externe mer externe mest externe
All externa mer externa mest externa
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.