fír

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See also: fir, FIR, and fir-

Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Adjective[edit]

fír

  1. inflection of fíor:
    1. vocative and genitive singular masculine
    2. (archaic) dative singular feminine

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

fír

  1. (archaic, Munster) second-person singular present indicative and present subjunctive of figh

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fír fhír bhfír
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Nominative singular all genders; vocative singular feminine and neuter; accusative and dative singular masculine and neuter; genitive plural all genders:

Vocative singular masculine; genitive singular masculine and neuter; accusative and dative singular feminine; nominative plural masculine:

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *wīros.

Adjective[edit]

fír

  1. true
Inflection[edit]
o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative fír fír fír
Vocative fír
Accusative fír fír
Genitive fír fíre fír
Dative fír fír fír
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative fír fíra
Vocative fíru
fíra
Accusative fíru
fíra
Genitive fír
Dative fíraib
Notes † not when substantivized
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *wīrom.

Noun[edit]

fír n

  1. truth
Inflection[edit]
Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative fírN fírN fírL, fíra
Vocative fírN fírN fírL, fíra
Accusative fírN fírN fírL, fíra
Genitive fírL fír fírN
Dative fírL fíraib fíraib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
fír ḟír fír
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • fír” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.