fallen

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Fallen, fällen, Fällen, and fållen

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

fallen

  1. past participle of fall

Adjective[edit]

fallen (not generally comparable, comparative more fallen, superlative most fallen)

  1. Having dropped by the force of gravity.
    fallen raindrops
  2. (literary) Killed in battle.
    to honor fallen soldiers
  3. Having lost one's chastity.
    a fallen woman
    • 1964, Katharine Hillyer, Mark Twain, Young Reporter in Virginia City: The Racy, Rollicking Adventures of a Great Author in the Gamiest, Richest, Mightiest Town in All the Frontier West!:
      Madam Julia was the town's ranking prostitute; virtuous female society demanded that they not suffer the unbearable pain of looking at, and being in company with, a fallen woman— one of the happiest, fallenest women in history, by the way.
    • 1991, Kelly Walsh, Nightshades and Orchids (→ISBN)
      "You make yourself out to be the fallenest of fallen women." Tilting her head toward Sharon, Debbie grinned. "Let's face it. There can't be winners without losers, and I'm a loser. But look at it this way. I make it possible for some other woman []
  4. Having collapsed.
    a fallen building
  5. Having lost prestige, (Christian) grace, etc.
    • 1913, John Bigelow, Retrospections of an Active Life: 1867-1871, page 397:
      That fallenest of our fallen race has left town — said to be near Fontainebleau by some, in Italy by others. More consequent with himself than usual, he is fulfilling, in the only possible way left open to him, his promise []

Usage notes[edit]

  • Rarely, the superlative form fallenest is encountered.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

fallen (plural fallen)

  1. (plural only) The dead.
  2. (plural only) Casualties of battle or war.
  3. (countable, Christianity) One who has fallen, as from grace.
    • 1873, James Strong, Cyclopaedia of Biblical, theological, and ecclesiastical literature, volume 5:
      In the Augustinian period, however, sin was held to be a death-inflicting agent, implying that the fallen was dead, and had to be restored to life.

Translations[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

fallen

  1. third-person plural present indicative form of fallar

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German vallen, from Old High German fallan, from Proto-West Germanic *fallan, from Proto-Germanic *fallaną, from Proto-Indo-European *pōl-. Akin to Low German fallen, Dutch vallen, English fall, Danish falde, Dutch falla.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈfaln̩/, /ˈfalən/
  • (file)
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

fallen (class 7 strong, third-person singular simple present fällt, past tense fiel, past participle gefallen, past subjunctive fiele, auxiliary sein)

  1. (intransitive) to fall; to drop
    • 1960, Marie Luise Kaschnitz, ‘Gespenster’:
      Das Programm fiel ihr aus der Hand.
      The programme fell from her hand.
    Der Regen fiel wie aus Eimern.
    It rained cats and dogs. (literally: 'The rain fell as if out of buckets.')
    Sie fiel zu Boden.
    She fell to the floor.
  2. (intransitive, military) to die; to fall in battle; to die in battle; to be killed in action
    • 1918, Elisabeth von Heyking, Die Orgelpfeifen, in: Zwei Erzählungen, Phillipp Reclam jun. Verlag, page 31:
      Bei einem Patrouillenritt, zu dem er sich freiwillig gemeldet, war der älteste der Enkel gefallen. Ruhte nun fern in Feindesland.
      On a patrolling ride, for which he had volunteered, the oldest of the grandchildren had died. Rested now far away in enemy country.
  3. (intransitive) to fall, to collapse, to be overthrown.
    Das Römische Reich fiel auf Grund der Völkerwanderung.
    The Roman Empire was overthrown by the consequences of the Migration period.
  4. (intransitive) to become lower, to decrease, to decline
    Zur Zeit der Finanzkrise fielen viele Aktienkurse um zahlreiche Prozentpunkte.
    During the banking scandal many stock prices decreased by a large percentage.

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Low German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German vallen, from Old Saxon fallan, from Proto-West Germanic *fallan, from Proto-Germanic *fallaną.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈfalːn̩/, /ˈfalːən/

Verb[edit]

fallen (past singular full, past participle fullen, auxiliary verb wesen)

  1. (ergative) to fall, tumble
    de Avend falltthe evening falls
    in Slaap fallento fall asleep
  2. to happen
    dat is op düssen Dag fullenthat happened on that day

Conjugation[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the verb falle

Adjective[edit]

fallen (neuter singular fallent, definite singular and plural falne)

  1. fallen

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the verb falle

Adjective[edit]

fallen (neuter singular falle, definite singular and plural falne)

  1. fallen

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

fallen

  1. Second-person plural (ustedes) imperative form of fallar.
  2. Second-person plural (ustedes) present subjunctive form of fallar.
  3. Third-person plural (ellos, ellas, also used with ustedes?) present subjunctive form of fallar.

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

past participle of falla.

Adjective[edit]

fallen

  1. fallen
    en fallen ängela fallen angel
    fallna äpplenfallen apples

Declension[edit]

Inflection of fallen
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular fallen
Neuter singular fallet
Plural fallna
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 fallne
All fallna
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

Noun[edit]

fallen

  1. definite plural of fall

Anagrams[edit]